Royal and Cultural Capitals Archeology Parks Museums Caves Volcanoes Food Traditions
Caserta is best known for its 18th century royal palace and gardens and the medieval borgo of Caserta Vecchia. Equally and historically important are the San Leucio silk works, a Unesco site, and the Living Silk Museum with its original looms and machinery showing all the phases of silk productions.
Naples is best defined by the stratification of the various periods in the city’s history that can be viewed in the historic center, the oldest continuously inhabited urban community in the Western World. It corresponds to the ancient city founded by the Athenians around 450 B.C. as Neapolis, through Roman and Medieval times. It includes over 250 churches, palazzi from the 13th through the 20th century and countless art treasures.
Salerno is renowned for its medieval historic center and the world’s first medical school. Under the rule of the Sanseverino family, it became a center of learning, culture and the arts. The city was also briefly the capital of Italy in 1943, following the Allied invasion of southern Italy.
Benevento occupies the site of the ancient Maleventum, the site of bad events, and a major defeat by the Roman army. It was supposedly founded by Diomedes after the Trojan War. Santa Sofia Church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, part of a group of seven historic buildings dating from the Longobard era – 558 to 774 ad. The historic center is an open air museum.