Energy Audits inspect and analyze energy usage and flows in a building to reduce the amount of energy input into the system without negatively affecting output. Building technologies and advanced real-time energy smart meters allow business and residential energy users to verify consumption in workplaces and homes. Passive Solar Buildings take advantage of the local climate with window placement and glazing, thermal mass, insulation and shading. Walls, floors and windows are designed and located to collect, store and distribute energy without the use of mechanical and electric devices.
Conservation and efficiency are energy reduction techniques; conservation implies sufficiency and is the key to sustainability as it lowers energy costs by reducing resource depletion.
Smart Location Encourages Transport Alternatives Historic Preservation while Discouraging Sprawl
Urban and Suburban Transport developed with inexpensive fossil fuels. Recent zoning practices range from greater urban density to incorporation of walking and bicycling designs that, coupled with lifestyle changes like telecommuting, help reduce transport energy consumption.