The Gargano Promontory is in the Foggia province of Apulia. Also referred to as the spur of Italy’s boot, it is along the Adriatic Sea and includes Monte Calvo – 1,065 m 3,494 feet – and the Gargano National Park. This peninsula is partly covered with a beech and oak forest that once blanketed much of Central Europe. The poet Horace mentions the oaks as Garganus in Ode II,ix.
The Gargano National Park is one of the few national protected areas efficiently contributing to the “a Forest for Kyoto”, which has involved several schools in the realization of projects for social and responsible tourism. It is also unique for renowned for fire reductions and its environmental awareness program.
Monte Sant’Angelo’s medieval quarter is characterized by terraced houses, traces of its Longobard period and the Sanctuary with the cult of the Archangel Michael who, according to tradition, appeared in a grotto. Also, the Norman Castle, the historic center and St’ Michael’s Basilica.
Art Cities and Medieval Castles in Apulia
The Coastline features several beaches, resorts and historic small town, including:
Vieste receives blue flag awards for the quality of its waters. During mediaeval times, its port was frequently attacked by pirates, Saracens and other enemies of the Kingdom of Naples. In 1554 around 5,000 inhabitants were executed by the Turks; they were considered too elderly or infirm for transport into slavery, an event is commemorated every year.
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Peschici is situated on the north-eastern coast of the Gargano promontory, 19 km (12 mi) west of Vieste. The town features numerous coastal watch towers.
Mattinata is the only town in Apulia facing south on the Adriatic Coast. The main urban area is located on two hills enclosed by mountains on the northern, western and southern sides; eastward, there is a valley facing the Adriatic Sea. The northern coast is known for its chalky white cliffs, its large number of suggestive sea grottos and, above all, for its two Faraglioni stacks, located in the Zagare Bay area. The area is also a popular destination for botanical experts, due to the existence of around 60 different species of orchids.