Travel Destinations Shared Mobility Energy Efficiency and Conservation
John Leboffe has owned and operated businesses since 1980 in the area of international economic development, travel related services and more recently energy efficiency and water resources management.
His work has given him an opportunity to travel to Europe and several developing nations giving him a unique perspective on both the economic development process and the synergies that result from interactions among culturally diverse people and communities. In recent years he has been engaged in work activities aimed at linking communities in the United States and internationally, developing and implementing entrepreneurial project with a focus on tourism and environment.
the environmental impact of power generation by promoting the use of efficient,
clean, and reliable approach to generating power and thermal energy from a
single fuel source.
increase operational efficiency and decrease energy costs, while reducing the
emissions of greenhouse gases, which contribute to global climate change.
Objective is to save time and money, reduce business risk and
environmental impacts, and improve the power reliability of your facility in
o Qualification Determine
whether CHP is worth considering at your facility
o Level 1 Feasibility
Analysis Identify project goals and potential barriers. Quantify
technical and economic opportunities while minimizing time and effort
o Level 2 Feasibility
Analysis Optimize CHP system design, including capacity, thermal
application, and operation. Determine final CHP system pricing and return on
o Procurement Build
a CHP system according to specifications, on schedule and within budget
o Operation &
Maintenance Maintain a CHP system that provides expected energy
savings and reduces emissions by running reliably and efficiently
to meet specific operational needs and integrate seamlessly into existing
mechanical and electrical systems
Economic suitability for CHP is based on current and future fuel costs and utility rates;
planned new construction or heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)
equipment replacement; and the need for power reliability at the site.
project economics are greatly affected by utility policies at the local state
and federal level
The Technical Potential for CHP is based on the coincident demand of power and thermal energy.
Power can include both electricity and shaft power, which can be used for
mechanical purposes. Thermal demand can include steam, hot water, chilled
water, process heat, refrigeration, and dehumidification. A CHP system can be
designed to convert waste heat into various forms of thermal energy to meet
different facility needs, including heating hot water in the winter and
chilling water in the summer.
Operations and Maintenance $0.005/kilowatt-hour (kWh) – $0.015/kWh for maintenance,
depending on type of equipment and operations and maintenance (O&M)
procurement approach; possible cost for energy consultant to negotiate fuel
purchase, depending on system size and in-house capabilities.
Benefits CHPs achieve efficiencies of 60 to 80 percent, compared to average
fossil-fueled power plant efficiencies of 33 percent in the United States. These
• Reduced total fossil fuel use.
• Lower operating costs.
• Reduced emissions of regulated air pollutants.
• Reduced emissions of greenhouse gases.
• Increased reliability and power quality.
• Reduced grid congestion and avoided
CHP and biomass/biogas funding
Financial incentives, such as grants, tax incentives, low-interest loans,
favorable partial load rates (e.g., standby rates), and tradable allowances.
Regulatory treatment that removes unintended barriers to CHP and biomass project
development, such as standard interconnection requirements, net metering, and
State and federal incentives applicable to CHP systems, such as direct financial
incentives or favorable regulatory treatment.
Find out if your facility is a good candidate for CHP
The Mediterranean Diet is a compendium of the eating habits traditionally followed by
those that live in this part of the world. So, let’s see what it consists of
and its beneficial effects on its practitioners.
The eating habits of the 16 nations along the
shores of the Mediterranean Sea vary depending on culture, ethnic traditions
and religion. There are, however, some characteristics that are common to all:
High consumption of fruits, vegetables, beans,
nuts, bread and cereals
Use of olive oil to cook and as a condiment
Moderate quantities of fish, little meat
Small/moderate quantities of rich cheese and
Moderate wine consumption, usually with meals
Use of local, seasonal and fresh products
An active lifestyle
The Ingredients of the Mediterranean Diet
Olive Oil is especially important as an alternative to butter, margarine and
other fats. It is a valuable source of mono-unsaturated fats that protect
against heart disease, as well as a source of antioxidants such as Vitamin E.
It is used to prepare vegetables, tomato sauce, salads and to fried fish.
Phoenicians planted the first olive trees around the XVI century BC, first on
the island of Cyprus then in Asia Minor. Its greatest success was achieved in
Greece where the myth was that the goddess Athena, in competition with the
other gods, was declared the winner of a contest by Zeus by creating the olive
tree. Historians have determined that the first olive tree “Plato’s Olive Tree”
was planted near Athens some 2500 years ago.
The species was prevalent in Italy since the days
of the Roman Republic, especially in the southern part of the country. Today,
it is cultivated everywhere in the country with many DOP and IGP denominations.
As one of the pillars of the Mediterranean Diet, extra-virgin olive oil is
present in virtually all food recipes. Among its benefits is the lack of
physical and chemical manipulations as it is simply extracted by pressing the
the only oil produced by a fruit as
opposed to a seed
Olive oil should be the only fat in cooking as it
is the only one that is not subject to degrading when exposed to heat.
Culturally speaking, olive oil represents the Southern crudeness as opposed to
butter cooked foods prevalent in Northern foods.
Therapeutic Aspects the “liquid gold” referred to by Homer has over time had a therapeutic
function as well; it reduces the impact of heat while at the same time acting
as a blood “cleanser”. It is both a nutrient and a medicine. Dishes containing
olive oil are easier to digest, with an excellent gastric and intestinal
tolerance as well as a protecting effect on the arteries, stomach and liver.
Fruits and Vegetables a high consumption of fruits and vegetables leads to protective action
to prevent cancer and heart disease, probably because of the antioxidants
present in these food items. This is especially true of tomatoes, an important
source of antioxidants particularly when heated to make a tomato sauce.
Fish such as sardines with its omega 3 polyunsaturated fats have a healthy
fat content. Fish consumption is also important for its anti-inflammatory
properties in preventing heart disease and regulating blood circulation.
Wine first a clarification: there is no such thing as biological wine, only
biological grapes. By its very nature, wine is the opposite of an industrial
product that never varies; grapes vary from area to area depending on climactic
conditions. They also evolve, mature and decline over time. In all
Mediterranean countries wine is consumed in moderation, usually with meals. For
men this implies two glasses a day and one for women.Red wine in
particular contains a number of vegetable composts with beneficial properties.
Also, powerful antioxidants such as poly phenols protect against oxidation.
Legumes during the middle ages, all of Europe risked high mortality rates due to a series of epidemics. Unable to procure high protein foods such as meat, the poorer classes were especially malnourished.Legumes were introduced only from the 10th Century, thereby making a gradual contribution to the welfare of the population, increasing resistance to disease and aiding in the re population of the continent. Later, with the discovery of the Americas and the importation of agricultural products, beans emerged as a basic staple without which the population could not have doubled insize in just a few centuries. They may be consumed fresh or dry, with the former having a higher water content (60-90% versus 10-13%) hence, given the same weight, a lower caloric, protein and glycine content.
legumes are richest in protein, and protein quality, among all vegetables
In Italy, beans, peas, lentils, chickpeas and
fava beans are the most common staples. Some are canned and are therefore
available off season and in areas where they are not cultivated. Both fresh and
dry, they are a key component of Italian cuisine in general and the “cucina
povera” in particular. Studies confirm a high energy content, a high vitamin B
content, as well as iron and calcium. The protein value is 6-7% in fresh and
20-25% in dry legumes.
Especially in dry form, legume seeds contain a
respectable quantity of phosphorus, calcium and iron. They should be cooked at
length as they contain anti-digestive elements in its crude form. The heat from
cooking eliminates these negative characteristics. Dry legumes should be left
over night in water before cooking. Lentils do not require this treatment.
Beanshave been known
since antiquity. Originally from the Americas, they have been found in pre-Inca
Peru and were also a favorite with the Romans; known as the “poor man’s meat”,
there are over 300 varieties of beans; of these, 60 are edible. There are red,
black, multicolor, small, large, round and flat ones. They range from the
Mexican bean (small, black and round) to the Spanish one (large, white and
flat). Given the large qualities available, beans are cooked in a variety
of ways (soups, minestrone, salads and condiments). They are digested slowly
and are rather filling.
among the first foods to be cultivated and consumed by man; traces have been
found in Turkey in ruins dating back to 5500 BC as well as in Egyptian tombs
from 2500 BC There are large seeds (6-9 mm), yellow or green, cultivated mostly
in the Americas, and a smaller variety (2-6 mm), orange, red or brown in the
Mediterranean, the Middle East and India. They are cooked as soup and as a side
dish to meat and other dishes. It is a well-wisher during the New Year’s
celebrations all over the world.
Peas along with
lentils, peas are the legumes of which we have the most information from
antiquity. Probably originating in Asia, they may date back to the stone-age.
Modern techniques allow for availability year-round, canned or frozen, fresh or
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Chick-Peas originally from the Orient, the name derives from the Latin word
“aries” which refers to the shape of the seed. A major staple in the Middle
East and in India, they are cooked with pasta, as soup and as a side dish.
Fava Beans this ancient plant, originating from Persia and Northern Africa, may
have been known in the bronze and iron ages. Possibly the first legume to be
consumed by humans as they do not require cooking. In some parts of Southern
Italy, they are eaten as a fruit or in dry form with pasta or greens. Heavy
consumption of fresh fava beans may cause anemia in genetically predisposed
populations in the Mediterranean basin.
Truffles the black truffle has found a perfect habitat in the beech woods in
harmony with oak, birch and hazel trees as well as black pine. It can be
found in different areas of central and southern Italy. It has had its
place for nearly two thousand years in the more culturally
sophisticated cuisine, and is appreciated for its unique aroma. Found in
sizes approaching that of a grapefruit, it acts as an environmental guard as it
refuses to grow in polluted terrain.Composed of water, fibers and
minerals its function is uniquely “aromatic” in this type of cuisine; the
small quantities utilized contain limited nutritional value. Nevertheless, it
has its place in a variety of preparations associated with appetizers, first
and second dishes especially if accompanied by olive oil.
Pasta the Romans where
among the first to mention lagane (from which lasagne derive). Previously,
Horatio and Cicero consumed this light pasta made with flour and water.
However, there is no further historical data on pasta from 200 AD. It is
believed that maccheroni originated in Sicily. The term is from the Greek
“macar” which means happy or food of the blessed ones. Pasta was seasoned with
sugar and honey besides cheese and butter. The first recipe with tomatoes dates
from the year 1839. And the first apparition of the word spaghetti appears in a
Neapolitan cook book from 1824.
Bread the history of bread begins with that of man with barley and millet the preferred ingredients as they were ideal from a nutritional standpoint; they were eventually replaced by cereal. The invention of bread can be attributed to the Egyptians nearly 3000 years ago. They also developed the first ovens and, it is believed that the workers of the pyramids were paid in bread. Thereafter the Greeks developed at least 72 varieties of bread whereas the Romans improved on certain technical features such as windmills. There were at least 400 ovens in Imperial Rome with the first public oven dating back to 168 BC. Only with the start of the 20th Century bread production reaches an industrial scale.
Mozzarella the domestic water buffalo originates from India and was also found in Persia, brought over by migrant workers or armies. Later, Islamic soldiers brought it to Syria and Egypt. It arrived in Italy in the year 596 during the reign of the Longobard king Aginulfo. It thrives in warm, swampy areas rich in water such as the Nile Delta. In Europe it has found fertile ground in Puglia, Campania and the low lands along the Danube River.Mozzarella was offered and received with great pleasure by the nobility passing through while on the Grand Tour to Pompeii and Paestum. The word mozzarella comes from “mozzata” or cutting. The denomination “Mozzarella di Bufala” was nationally recognized in 1993 with a D.O.C. label and a D.O.P. label at the Europe level in 1996.
Connect for an Italian Food and Culture Experience
The Arts Traditions History Culture Churches and
Palazzi of Naples
Spaccanapoli is a narrow one-kilometer long street in the heart of the Naples
Historic Center, the oldest continuously inhabited community in Western Europe.
An Open-Air Museum and a 2500 Year Journey of Western Civilization
The Decumano Superiore and Spaccanapoli comprise the urban layout of Greek era Neapolis. In the 19th
century, the city’s aristocratic families’ palazzi and religious convents led
to renewed interest in the old quarter from Piazza San Domenico Maggiore to
Piazza del Gesù Nuovo where remains of the Roman baths where found under the
Cloister of Santa Chiara.
The Renaissance period led to changes in the original Gothic buildings as well
as a linkage with the city’s Spanish quarter with construction of via Toledo. Palazzo Carafa di Maddaloni is
a classic example of Neapolitan Baroque whereas Palazzo Coriglianoand
its namesake church maintained their gothic polygonal apse but were refurbished
in a gold and stucco baroque style.
We have developed anchor locations from
which you can best base your travel movements, mindful that you are likely to
visit three to four places in a compressed period of time, typically 7 to 10
days, and experience multiple interests that range from cultural to culinary,
wellness and the environment.
Armeno is an alley full of storefronts and
stalls presenting porcelain pulcinellas peppers, lemons and blood red tomatoes
as well as artisan shops, antique dealers, pizzerie and the famed Neapolitan
crib. Nearby are the entrance to Undeground Naples and the city’s Cathedral
where you can view the Treasure of San Gennaro.
Photos and Original Italian Text courtesy
of Ciro La Rosa and Vesuvio Live
Travel Logistics Move in one direction. Anchor your stays in
strategic locations conveniently located near points of
interest. Take in sites, meals and other planned events in a hub and
spoke fashion and enjoy the places and the people you are visiting
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Traffic Safety and Congestion getting through the nearest signalized intersections in one green
cycle during rush hour conditions. Standing at each proposed new intersection
location, verify visibility of approaching vehicles at the minimum, safe
sight-distance formula: posted speed limit + 10 mph x 11 feet/mph. Example: 30
mph + 10 = 40 x 11 = 440 feet sight – distance. Trips generated by the project
on neighborhood streets are below 2,000 vehicles per day.
Safe Streets and School Overcrowding for residential areas, can the additional students resulting from the
project be accommodated without exceeding the capacity of affected schools.
Sidewalks are adequate to allow students to safely walk or bike to school along
the streets receiving traffic from the project.
Trees and Forests complying with tree canopy or forest conservation laws.
homes maximize forest preservation
Buffering and Screening of commercial and industrial projects from the view of adjacent residential homes. If the project obstructs natural views from existing homes, then the proposed landscaping must be sufficient to preserve views.
Property Values commercial or industrial structures to be at least 300 feet from
residential homes. If the project is commercial-industrial, can trucks reach
the site without travelling on residential streets.
Air Quality if the project is a gas station, it must be at least 500 feet from
homes, hospitals, schools, senior centers and day care facilities. The homes
must be 500 feet from a highway with traffic volumes of 50,000 or more vehicles
Fire and Emergency Medical Services the project must be within a four to eight-minute response time for
fire and emergency medical services. In suburban-urban areas with water
pressure sufficient to meet fire suppression needs.
Recreation Areas for residential projects, a minimum of 10 acres of park or other
recreation areas for every 1,000 residents is recommended. For suburban-urban
residential projects, there should be a neighborhood park within a ¼ mile
walking distance of the site.
Water Supply for projects served by wells, verify the likelihood that area wells
fail or become contaminated. If the site is served by piped-public water, the
project must not exceed the safe or sustainable yield.
Flooding all proposed structures must be outside the 100-year flood plain,
with runoff managed to prevent an increase in floodwater elevations downstream
of the site.
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Historical-Archaeological Resources if a designated historic-archaeological resource is present on or near the site, the local historic society must ascertain that it is adequately protected. For buildings 50 years or older slated for demolition, the local historic society should be consulted about the need for protection.
Water a buffer
of native vegetation undisturbed within 100 feet of streams, wetlands or other
aquatic resources. Rooftops, streets, parking lots and other impervious
surfaces drain to bio-retention, infiltration or other highly effective storm
water system. Project sewage is sent to a treatment plant and the pipes
carrying the sewage do not overflow. The treatment plant has met pollution
discharge limits for the last 3 years; If the project will be served by onsite
sewage disposal, site soils should be rated for Septic Tank Absorption Fields
in accordance with USDA Web Soil Survey.
Consumers, Manufacturers and Businesses in the Servitization Economy
Consumers increasingly prefer
usership to ownership by utilizing pay-per-use and other on-demand services, as
scalable and resilient value-driven outcomes such as pay-per-mile become
The Traditional make, use and dispose economy is supplanted by a circular one in
which resources have a longer useful life, with product and materials recovery
at the end of service life. End to end providers will be replaced by multiple product
and service offerors with unique expertise in the provision of customer-centric
rather than asset-centric services.
especially those with clients located in rural and smaller urban communities,
can increase their capabilities with environmentally viable offerings by
entering into collaborations and partnerships in a multi-sector ecosystem as new companies enter the marketplace to target these opportunities via
data democratization and new organizational models.
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Communities that rely on connections and collaborations within and among regions will have access to technologies to transition from a sale to a service culture that features pay-per-use and pay-by-outcome models such as pay-per-mile and power-by-the-hour, creating locally owned enterprises and achieving economies of scale pricing in areas ranging from travel service and destination management, to local and intercity mobility programs connecting large cities with micropolitan areas, and innovative energy savings,water conservation and building automation systemssolutions for buildings typically found on main street and in historic districts. Technology tasks include data sources integration, micro payments, flexible billing and cost-effective self-service customer and partner interfaces.
Linking Manufacturing and Services
Circular and Shared Economies create new value as pay per use models and outcome payments change
the points of reference of projects and transactions as manufacturers repair
and upgrade their products with modular designs; asset management and optimum maintenance
become major capabilities. Equipment re-use, remanufacturing and redeployment
as well as asset harvesting allow manufacturers to offer life cycle management
a collaborative system that delivers seamless customer experiences
The Hudson Valley extends 150 miles above the tip of Manhattan. Designated as a National Heritage Area, the valley is steeped in history, natural beauty, culture, food and farmers’ markets.
Colonial Era the first Dutch settlement was established at Fort Nassau, a trading post south of modern- day Albany, in the early 17th century, with the purpose of exchanging European goods for beaver pelts.
the French and Indian War in the 1750s, the northern end of the valley became
the bulwark of the British defense against French invasion from Canada via Lake
Champlain.The valley also became one of the major regions of
conflict during the American Revolution.
19th Century following the building of the Erie Canal, the area became an important industrial center as the canal opened the Hudson Valley and New York to commerce with the Midwest and the Great Lakes.
The region is associated with the Hudson River School, a group of American Romantic painters who worked from about 1830 to 1870. The natural beauty of the Hudson Valley has earned the Hudson River the nickname “America’s Rhineland” a comparison to the famous 40-mile (65 km) stretch of Germany’s Rhine River valley between the cities of Bingen and Koblenz.
Tourism became a major industry as early as 1810, as elite visitors
frequented the mineral waters at Ballston Spa and Saratoga Springs with convenient
steamboat connections from New York City, and numerous attractive hotels in
The Hudson River is navigable for a great distance above mile 0 off Battery
Park. The original Erie Canal connected the Hudson with Lake Erie enabling
shipping between cities on the Great Lakes and Europe via the Atlantic Ocean. The
Hudson Valley also proved attractive for railroads, once technology progressed
to the point where it was feasible to construct the required bridges over
tributaries. When the Poughkeepsie Bridge opened in 1889, it became the
longest single-span bridge in the world. On October 3, 2009, it re-opened as a
pedestrian walkway over the Hudson, connecting over 25 miles of existing
Winemaking the Hudson Valley is the oldest wine making and grape-growing region in the United States, with roots established as early as 1677. The Hudson Valley is home to many wineries offering wine-tasting and other tours.
Dutchess County is 800 square miles of natural scenic beauty, historic and
cultural landmarks, and outdoor recreation. Stroll the Walkway Over the Hudson.
Tour and taste along the Dutchess Wine Trail. Explore the homes of FDR and
Vanderbilt. Taste new creations at The Culinary Institute of America. Fill the
pantry at farm markets. Cruise the Hudson River.
Historic Estates Museums
Presidential Libraries and Hiking Trails
Explore FDR’s Home,
Presidential Library and Museum, with two floors of new interactive exhibits. Tour Dia: Beacon and a city-wide
celebration of the arts. Vassar’s Loeb Art Center invites you to stroll its
galleries free of charge. Shop for
treasures in village antique shops or specialty shops. The Mid-Hudson Children’s Museum. Observe
native birds and wildlife while hiking, including 30 miles of the Appalachian Trail.
Ramble or cycle three Rail Trails,
including the Walkway over the Hudson State Historic Park, the world’s longest
Hudson River Valley Scenic and Historic Walking Tours
Driving Itineraries and outdoor adventures in
Dutchess County and the Hudson River Valley. Outdoor recreation includes
biking, hiking, horseback riding, golf, kayaking, parasailing, archery and
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family vacations museums historic neighborhoods and riverfront festivals
The Quad Cities area consists of Davenport and Bettendorf in Iowa, and Moline, East Moline and Rock Island in Illinois. The region has the excitement of a big city and the hospitality of a small town with award-winning museums and cultural centers, internationally-recognized festivals, beautiful riverfronts and a vibrant nightlife.
Davenport has beautiful riverfront vistas and an active downtown area with the Figge Art and Putnam History Museums and great shopping at the North Park Mall. Bettendorf the Library and adjacent Family Museum provide exciting programs and storytelling. The numerous outdoor activities include the Splash Landing water park, Wallace’s Garden Center and Duck Creek Recreational Trail.
Rock Island downtown is known for its festivals and nightlife with Cajun food and zydeco music; Jamaican food and reggae music; and a fall Irish folk festival. Family activities include the country’s largest go-kart street race. Experience a downtown architectural tour and the Broadway Historic District. Moline is one of the agricultural capitals of the world, home of John Deere and steeped in history. The modern downtown area features great riverfront views and evening entertainment with musicals performed by local actors. East Moline is home to many great events and festivities. Empire Park is right on the Mississippi River, walk along the riverfront trails of The Quarter or visit to the John Deere Harvester Works, one of the world’s largest combine factories.
Quad CitiesMuseums The Figge Art Museum in downtown Davenport is community-centered facility and a gathering place for residents and visitors alike to experience and enjoy the visual arts. Located on the banks of the Mississippi River, this 100,000 square foot museum was designed by British architect David Chipperfield, and includes nine permanent collection galleries, traveling exhibition galleries, art studios for children and adults, a Family Gallery and Activity Center. The Figge has a collection of approximately 3,000 works that reflect artistic styles and developments from the Renaissance to contemporary art, with particular strengths in American Regionalist, Mexican Colonial and Haitian Art.
The Iowa 80 Trucking Museum
was a dream of Iowa 80 Truckstop founder, Bill Moon who had a passion for
collecting antique trucks and other trucking memorabilia. Every truck has a
story to tell and can provide a unique glimpse back in time. Many rare and
one-of-a-kind trucks are on display.
Brewpubs Wineries and Distilleries
Mississippi River Distilling vodka,
gin and bourbon whiskey handmade from local corn and wheat grown within 25
miles in small handmade batches.
Wide River Winery atop the
Mississippi bluff north of Clinton with some of the finest wines in the
Midwest; 11 types of wine, all with catchy names including Felony Red and Ms.
Riverboats the Quad Cities’ location on the
Mississippi River has inspired many riverboat captains and writers. Enjoy this
mighty river aboard a riverboat cruise or an open-air water taxi.
River Action strives to
foster the environmental, economic, and cultural vitality of the Mississippi
River and its riverfront in the Quad City region and 12 communities in two
states and two counties. Some of the many accomplishments have been the lighting
of the Centennial Bridge, The Quad City Water Taxi, QC Riverfront Design
Principles, and Waterfront Master Plan. River Way projects include development
of a wayfinding system to guide people along riverfront trails, art projects, historic
markers, riverfront parks, enhancement and restoration of wetland habitats.
The Rock Island Arsenal was established by Act of Congress in 1862 and has been an
active manufacturer of military equipment and ordnance since the 1880s: leather
horse equipment, meat cans and canteens, paper targets, artillery recoil mechanisms
and carriages, and the Model 1903 rifle. The Museum on the Island is the
second oldest US Army Museum in the United States.
Biking and Hiking the Quad Cities is at the
crossroads of the national Mississippi River Trail and American Discovery
Trails; 100 miles of beautiful trails that meander along the mighty Mississippi
River, through parks, over bridges and through history-filled sections of these
The Broadway Historic District
is a collection of historic homes in Rock Island. Founded as a neighborhood
association in 1988, it gained National Register of Historic Places status in 1998.
The Village of East Davenport
a historic logging and Civil War military community with unique shops, restaurants
and pubs. Lindsay Park, home to the Union Army’s parade grounds during the
The John Deere Historic Site
the original Grand Detour homestead where he created his first self-scouring
plow. The site also features a replica of his blacksmith shop with a working blacksmith
and an exhibit from an archeological dig. Tour guides tell what life on the
prairie was all about.
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the Quad Cities