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Palm Beach Florida and the Maritime Museum

The Town of Palm Beach is the easternmost town in Florida, located on an 18-mile (29 km) long barrier island between Lake Worth Lagoon on the west and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. At no point is the island wider than three-quarters of a mile (1.2 km), and in places it is only 500 feet (150 m). The Intracoastal Waterway separates it from the neighboring West Palm Beach and Lake Worth.

Palm Beach ViewIn 2018 Palm Beach was ranked the 27th wealthiest place in the United States

The wreck of the Providencia is credited with giving Palm Beach its famous name. The Providencia was traveling from Havana to Spain with a cargo of coconuts harvested in Trinidad, when the ship wrecked near Palm Beach. Many of the coconut were planted along the coast and a grove of palm trees soon grew on what was later named Palm Beach. Today the tallest coconut palms in the United States can be found along this coast.

The Lake Worth portion of the waterway, filled with mega-yachts, was a fresh water lake until Henry Flagler opened it to the ocean. Flagler was the railroad tycoon who opened Florida all the way to the Keys and his Lake Worth mansion, now a museum, is open for tours.

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The Palm Beach Maritime Museum opened in 1999 with four facilities, following a lengthy restoration and construction program:

Palm Beach Coast Guard Stationthe U.S. Coast Guard Station Boathouse and President Kennedy command post and bomb shelter on Peanut Island;

the marine science field office and dock on the Intracoastal Waterway;

an educational center and ferry dock at Currie Park in West Palm Beach;

the Palm Beach Maritime Academy K-8 Charter School on S. Dixie Hwy. in West Palm Beach.

PB MaritimeJohn F. Kennedy’s Bunker was constructed by the SeaBees under the direction of the Secret Service. Peanut Island is very near the Kennedy Compound in Palm Beach and the bunker was a nuclear war contingency facility during the Cuban Missile Crisis.

An innovative Virtual Port includes automated data collection from in situ sensors – salinity, turbidity, pH, tides, current – as well as real-time television both above and underwater.

The Palm Beach Maritime Academy is a Charter School, operated by the Palm Beach Maritime Museum that meets the guidelines for the School District of Palm Beach County, with a focus on maritime studies: science, technology and history.

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Savannah Georgia and the Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum

Savannah was founded in 1733 on the Savannah River, it became the colonial capital and later the first state capital of Georgia. Its port was of strategic importance during both the American Revolution and the Civil War.

Location Savannah lies on the Savannah River, approximately 20 miles -32 km – upriver from the Atlantic Ocean. It is also located near the Intracoastal Waterway. The Ogeechee River flows toward the Atlantic Ocean some 16 miles – 26 km – south of downtown Savannah.

Savannah DowntownDiverse Neighborhoods over 100 distinct neighborhoods can be identified in six principal areas of Savannah. The city’s location offers visitors access to the coastal islands and the Savannah Riverfront, both popular tourist destinations. Other picturesque towns adjacent to Savannah include the shrimping village of Thunderbolt and three residential areas that began as summer resort communities: Beaulieu, Vernonburg, and the Isle of Hope.

The Savannah Historic District is one of largest in the United States

Culture Savannah has a rich and growing performing arts scene, offering cultural events throughout the year, including the Savannah Book Festival held annually on Presidents’ Day weekend in the vicinity of historic Telfair and Wright squares, includes free presentations by more than 35 contemporary authors.

Savannah historic districtArchitecture Savannah was named as America’s second-best city for Cool Buildings and Architecture, behind Chicago. The historic district has 22 squares that vary in size and character, from formal fountain and monuments to playgrounds.

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Scarbrough House is the elegant setting for the Museum’s collection of ship models, paintings, and maritime antiques. It was built in 1819 for one of the principal owners of the Savannah, the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The architect, William Jay from Bath, England, created one of the earliest examples of domestic Greek Revival architecture in the South. Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum restored the house in 1996-97.

Images for Ships of the Sea MuseumWilliam Scarbrough was a shipping merchant, born in North Carolina and educated at the University of Edinburgh, who came to Savannah in 1802, at the age of twenty-six.  In 1818, he became a principal investor and president of the Savannah Steamship Company and began construction of a new house – later called the Castle – on West Broad Street in one of Savannah’s most fashionable neighborhoods.

Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum Educational Programs

Women Pirates like Rachel Wall, Grace O’Malley and Madame Cheng are featured in an interactive program about the exciting role female pirates played in maritime history.

Scrimshaws are decorative carvings on walrus tusks, whale teeth or other bits of bone.  Following the traditions of the great scrims handers, you can learn to make your own piece of carved art.

ships of the sea exhibitSailor Valentines it was customary for sailors to give gifts.  A popular offering was the Sailor’s Valentine or Shell Mosaic.  Sailors would create these items with shells, beans, cloth, and other pieces of scrap material they found on board or gathered from various ports.

Girl Scouts Troop Tours Juliette Gordon Low had family connections to the historic steamship Savannah and her cousin was a Confederate pirate. A WWII vessel was named after her.

Savannah’s role during the Civil War at Sea.  Topics include, the Union’s blockade of the city, blockade runners, and the lives of sailors in the Union and Confederate Navies, as well as important Naval operations in the Savannah area.

USS Savannah and her storied history of service in the United States Navy, from 1933-1946, on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, from operation Torch to operation Magic Carpet.

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The Delaware River Waterfront and Philadelphia Maritime Museums

The Delaware River Valley is the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia, the region’s major commercial, cultural, and industrial center. The region’s excellent road and rail network make it the perfect location for a vacation or business trip to the Middle Atlantic States. Philadelphia International is a major airline hub with daily connections to North American destinations and from major European cities.

Phila ViewThe River and the Environment

The Delaware River is comprised of 36 tributaries and flows 330 miles from New York to Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware to the Atlantic Ocean. It extends from the Catskill and Pocono mountain springs and streams flowing down to the Delaware Water Gap where steep slopes give way to gently rolling hills and sweeping valleys. Then, it stretches 134 miles from the Trenton falls to the mouth of the Delaware Bay.   

Blackbeard and the Golden Age of PiracyDelaware County and River Towns Marcus Hook’s historical significance comes from its identity as a maritime town. Originally a Lenape settlement, it became a New Sweden trading post in the 1640s with shipbuilding and fishing as early industries. The Hook was also a haven for pirates in the early 18th century and its market provided a place to sell plundered goods and re-supply for their next voyage.

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The Philadelphia Ship Preservation Guild maintains and sails historic ships to bring the past to the present. A non-profit organization that teaches and practices seamanship, traditional restoration, maritime culture, and sailing skills in a fun and team focused setting.

crtsy-drwc-spruce-street-harbor-park-aerial-popped-550VPThe Independence Seaport Museum features the Schooner Diligence, designed and built by Joshua and Samuel Humphreys in Philadelphia in 1797 for the Revenue-Marine and later transferred to the Navy. Schooners like Diligence played a vital role in the development of the early Navy in defending American merchant ships from attacks by Britain, France and the Barbary pirates.

The original Diligence served in the West Indies Squadron under John Barry, who commanded the Frigate United States during the Quasi War with France in 1798-1800.

The Cruiser Olympia was launched in 1892 and is the oldest steel warship afloat in the world. It has some the first modern luxuries aboard warships, including refrigeration, a fresh water distiller, steam radiators for heat, electric lighting, and a blower-operated ventilation system. Olympia required a new breed of sailor specifically trained in steam-driven and electrically-powered technology.

Washington PierPier 68 is a place to relax and enjoy the Philadelphia waterfront where you can learn about the tidal ecology of the Delaware River, its watershed, or engage in recreational fishing. Design elements include:

An Entrance Deck with whimsical painted poles and repurposed maritime bollards to create a distinctive gateway for the pier. Located just off the future trail extension, this space serves as a resting spot for those using the trail and as a place where shopping center visitors can quickly experience the Pier Park.

ferry-and-bridgeCruise the Delaware River north or south from Philadelphia and make your way to Chesapeake Bay by way of the C&D Canal or take the Ferry to Camden to visit local attractions like the battleship New Jersey.

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Tuckerton Borough Seaport New Jersey and the Bay Men Museum

Tuckerton Borough and Ocean County nestled in Southern Ocean County between the Pine Barrens and the Bay, Tuckerton Borough was once a thriving seaport community. Ocean County is home to one-third of the Jersey Shore’s 44 miles of the Atlantic Ocean coastline with sandy beaches, surfing, fishing and water sports.

Barnegat LighthouseNew Jersey’s first summer resort was on Tucker’s Island off shore from Little Egg Harbor. The island sported boarding houses, private cottages, and a school. In 1848 a Lighthouse was erected there and in 1869 the Little Egg Harbor Lifesaving Station was constructed.

The Tuckerton Seaport preserves and interprets the rich maritime history, artistry, heritage and environment of the Jersey shore and the unique contributions of its bay men. An educational and interpretive center showcasing New Jersey’s rich maritime history and contemporary folklife through interpretation of the cultural heritage and environment of the New Jersey shore and the surrounding environment.

Tuckerton boroughThe Maritime Village is a 40-acre site with 17 historic and recreated buildings connected by a boardwalk, a maritime forest and wetlands nature trail, two houseboats, a decoy gallery, a working boat works building in which restoration of sneak-box designs – boats used by duck hunters and recreational boating – of the Barnegat Bay occurs, a historic marine railway, decoy carving workshops and the recreated Tucker’s Island Lighthouse.

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Explore exhibits and meet the people who lived, worked and played along the Barnegat Bay:  decoy carvers, boat builders, basket makers, quilters, commercial fishermen, artists and other bay men and women.  General programs offered include hands on activities, workshops, tours and classes taught by Jersey Shore artists.

The Tucker’s Island Lighthouse features exhibits on privateers and pirates of the Jersey Coast

JcnerrThe Jersey Shore Folklife Center JSFC researches, documents, supports and presents the diverse communities and traditions of the Jersey Shore and the Pinelands.  The Center presents folk art programs and exhibits at Tuckerton Seaport and manages the artist roster and guest demonstrator schedule, the Folk and Traditional Artist in Residence Program, the Jersey Traditions outreach program and changing artist exhibits in J.C. Parker’s Decoy workshop.  JSFC celebrates the profoundly creative spirit of the region, its traditional arts, and its occupational and recreational folklife.

The Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve Interpretive Center JCNERR is managed by the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. The Reserve encompasses habitat in and around the estuary where fresh water from the Mullica River and saltwater from the Atlantic Ocean mix in the Great Bay.

batsto mansionBatsto Village is a New Jersey historic site located in the South-Central Pinelands whose roots can be traced back to 1766. Two centuries of American history are available to visitors, with the Pinelands environment as a scenic backdrop.

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New York City Transportation and Maritime Traditions

New York City is situated in the southeastern New York State at the mouth of the Hudson helping the city grow in significance as a trading port. The land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since Dutch colonial times.

Verazzano Narrows BridgeMass transit in New York City, most of which runs 24 hours a day, accounts for one in every three users of mass transit in the United States, and two-thirds of the nation’s rail riders live in the New York City Metropolitan Area. The iconic subway system is the largest in the world with 472 stations in operation and 1.76 billion passenger rides. Grand Central Terminal is the world’s largest rail station by number of platforms.

The Staten Island Ferry, largest in the world, carries over 23 million passengers on the 5.2-mile (8.4 km) route between Staten Island and Lower Manhattan, running 24 hours a day; other ferries shuttle commuters between Manhattan and other locations within the city and the metropolitan area.

Staten Island FerryThe Transport Infrastructure includes 12,000 Taxis and several Transportation Network Companies

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The Maritime Industry comprises deep-sea merchant ships, tugs and barges, port and terminal operations, pilotage, freight forwarding, chartering, intermodal services, admiralty law, passenger and excursion services, Great Lakes and inland waterways shipping, shipbuilding and repair, naval architecture and marine engineering, training, vessel classification societies, marine insurance and recreational boating. In New York State it is a $14 billion a year industry.

passenger ship transportation innovations  have been driven by the maritime industry

The Maritime Museum at Fort Schuyler is funded, staffed, operated and maintained though volunteer support and monetary contributions. Many Maritime College cadets volunteer time to serve as museum tour guides and provide exhibit construction and upkeep of ship models, historic artifacts, nautical photographs and prints of steamship companies.

tug and bargeThe Fort Schuyler Museum is housed on the campus of the State University of New York (SUNY) Maritime College at historic Fort Schuyler, The Bronx, New York. The center bastion is dedicated to the history of Fort Schuyler, completed in 1856, and the Port of New York-New Jersey, both of which have played major roles in the development of the region’s and the nation’s commerce.

The Evolution of Seafaring exhibit encompasses maritime history from the ancient Phoenicians to present day steamship companies and passenger ship lines, with information on Clippers, famous naval battles fought in the United States during the 1700s and 1800s and the technology in ship building tools and navigational equipment used throughout different maritime eras.

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Newburgh Port Jervis Kingston and the Hudson River Maritime Museum

Located in southeastern New York State, Orange County is directly north of the border with New Jersey, west of the Hudson River, east of the Delaware and northwest of New York City. Points of interest in Orange County include the US Military Academy at West Point, America’s oldest winery in Washingtonville, the Harness Racing Museum and Hall of Fame in Goshen, the first cold press daily in the nation in Middletown.

Transportation the region is served by Stewart International, located west of Newburgh, and providing national and international flights. Ground transportation consists of bus service within Orange County and rail to New York City.

Liberty Street, Newburgh, NYNewburgh is situated on land that rises sharply to a bluff; many historic homes are located here with sweeping views of the Hudson river and highlands to the south. Newburgh’s preservation history can be traced to 1850 when Washington’s Headquarters was designated a state historic site, the first in the country. The city’s modern preservation efforts led to the development of a historic district the second largest in New York State.

Port Jervis is at the confluence of the Neversink and Delaware Rivers in the western part of the county and north of the Delaware Water Gap. Port Jervis industrial history includes a role in shipping coal to major markets to the southeast by canal and later by railroads as well as long-distance rail passenger service until 1970. Today, tourists pass through Port Jervis on their way to enjoying rafting, kayaking, canoeing and other activities in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area.

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Kingston was New York’s first capital in 1777; in the 19th century, the city was a transport hub, with rail and canal connections. The city has three historic districts: Stockade, the Midtown Broadway Corridor, and Rondout West Strand downtown. Kingston Landing is a short navigable distance from the Hudson River and the point of reference for coal shipments and bluestone via the Delaware and Hudson Canal.

the roundout viewThe Hudson River Maritime Museum is located at 50 Rondout Landing at the foot of Broadway along the old waterfront. Its collections are devoted to the history of shipping and industry on the Hudson. In the early 1800s, four sloops plied the river from Kingston to New York. By 1829, steamers made the trip to Manhattan in a little over twelve hours, usually travelling by night.

Rondout ​Walking Tours highlight the industrial history of the region

Hudson River Maritime MuseumLectures include but are not limited to:

Keepers of the Light: Women Lighthouse Keepers of the Hudson River

19th Century Hudson River Industries

The Hudson River and Its Canals: Building the Empire State

Hudson River Steamboats and Tugboats

Lighthouses of the Hudson River

The Changing Mouth of Rondout Creek: Lighthouses, Barges, and Jetties

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Delaware City Chesapeake City and the C&D Canal

The Delaware City Historic District is significant for its architecture, for its beginnings as a planned settlement, and for its importance as a nineteenth century canal-oriented transportation center. The town was envisioned by its backers as a place that would develop into a major shipping and trading point for traffic that passed along this trans-peninsular trade route, and so, its early plans were based on the completion of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal.

Chesapeake & Delaware Canal from Chesapeake CityDelaware City is located 14 miles from Wilmington, 40 miles south of Philadelphia and is situated in the eastern central area of New Castle County, strategically located at the eastern terminus of the C&D Canal where it joins the Delaware River.

An important feature of the economy of Delaware City is the expanse of marshland bordering parts of the canal, the river, and the creek that harbors substantial game bird and muskrat populations. Much of the outlying area beyond the marsh is highly productive agricultural land.

eastbound shipChesapeake City was separated into north and south sections when the C&D Canal was built through the middle of the town. The two were connected by a drawbridge until 1942 when that was destroyed by a freighter that struck it. The current bridge opened in 1949. The town contains numerous old homes that have been converted into bed and breakfasts, restaurants and the local historical museum.

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CD_MapThe Chesapeake & Delaware Canal is 14 miles long, 450 feet wide and 35 feet deep across Maryland and Delaware, connecting the Delaware River with Chesapeake Bay. The C&D Canal is owned and operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Philadelphia District. The project office in historic Chesapeake City is also the site of the C&D Canal Museum and Bethel Bridge Lighthouse.

History In the mid-1600s Augustine Herman, a Dutch envoy and mapmaker, observed that two great bodies of water, the Delaware River and Chesapeake Bay, were separated only by a narrow strip of land. Herman proposed that a waterway be built to reduce, by nearly 300 miles, the water routes between Philadelphia and Baltimore. The issue of constructing the waterway was raised again in 1788 by regional business leaders, including Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.

reedy point sunriseThe US Army Corps of Engineers played a vital role in determining a canal route which opened for business in 1829. Today’s canal is a sea-level, electronically controlled waterway.

The Chesapeake and Delaware Canal is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is designated as a National Historic Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering landmark. The canal is unique as the sole major commercial navigation waterway in the United States built during the early 1800s still in use.

c&d canal museumThe C&D Canal Museum in Chesapeake City provides visitors with a glimpse of the canal’s early days. The steam engines are the oldest of their type in America still on their original foundations.

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