America · Business · Cultural Heritage · cultural itineraries · entrepreneurs · eServices · Historic Towns · museums · Sustainable Communities · Travel

Community Museums Transit Stations and Libraries

New Small Business and employment begins with the training of new entrepreneurs in key skills, including: tourism operations, customer and transit services, energy savings, water resources, information and library management.

A facility small museum, train station, bus depot, library, civic center or other similar public or private building is the point of reference to carry out the above referenced training as well as to act as info point, meeting place and event location for local residents as well as visitors from other communities acting as the point of reference in the local area for cultural and other itineraries.

Grand Central Station Main ConcourseEach community has Unique Capabilities and Resources

A Collaboration with your facility is open- ended, can be terminated at any time and does not impact on your current resources; where staff time is involved, it will be compensated on terms and conditions to be negotiated on a project basis.

Partial facilities use for meetings, events and the tourism info point can be paid:

o   at rates to be negotiated, or

o   in kind with equipment and services for use by the general public

The Results of this effort are:

job creation in the community,

new revenue and tax receipts from tourism, transit and other business activities,

positioning of your structure as the community’s most important asset.

Liverpool Road railway station, ManchesterTell Us About Your Community and Facility

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CHP · electric grid · eServices · renewable energy

Ethical and Technical Solutions for Climate Change

Our problems are man-made–therefore, they can be solved by man

President John F Kennedy

The Middle Atlantic Region of the United States is among the most affluent in the world, with a high percentage of highly educated, informed and environment conscious citizenry. This is also a trend setting region because it is:

the seat of government where the rules and regulations are crafted, and

a highly diverse community with people from all over the world that live, work, study and visit here; hence the perfect conduit to transfer ideas and know-how to other communities.

Silver Lake DEEthical not Technical as the documentary Surviving Progress points out, solutions to climate change and mankind’s condition on planet earth can be found less in technological advancement and more in ethical and political considerations; people tend to do and want what others do and want.

There are of course technical and practical issues, but they can only be effective if:

  1. preceded by an educational effort to inform the public on the benefit of a specific course of action, as well as the consequences of inaction, which forces
  2. political office holders to make decisions, provide leadership, and
  3. direct rule making bodies to establish new and appropriate regulations and sanctions

The Solution lies in consuming less without impacting quality and standard of life. This is achieved by first tackling ethical and political considerations, including but are not limited to:

  • recalculating government and family budgets; economics is not a science therefore it is not subject to unchanging facts of life like the laws of gravity
  • budgets must take into-account what we take from nature through a revenue neutral carbon tax with consumption levies and income tax rebates

Dover DelawareAt this point, technological as well as politically and economically feasible solutions can be adopted.

If your community is dependent on service industries, such as tourism, it can adapt a series of measures that address water resources and quality as well as energy savings. Management innovations such Energy Services Performance Contracts – ESPCs – and Technical solutions, such as Combined Heat and Power – CHP – are proven, state of the art systems that:

reduce greenhouse emissions by 40 percent

consume essentially zero water resources in generating electricity

are low-cost to electricity generation

reduce the risk of electric grid disruptions, and

increase predictability with electricity prices

Most of all, going back to the politics of the climate change issue, they utilize:

  1. fossil and/or renewable energy, lessening the stalemate between these two options
  2. highly-skilled local labor and technology, hence creating new wealth in a community
  3. are adaptable and scalable to local conditions, and
  4. meet the stated goal of consuming less without impacting quality and standard of life.

NASA-2015 Record Warm Global Year Since1880ESPCs and CHP are utilized in a variety of applications:

industrial providing electricity and steam to energy-intensive industries such as chemicals, paper, refining, food processing, and metals manufacturing

commercial and institutional providing electricity, steam, and hot water to hospitals, schools, university campuses, farms, hotels, nursing homes, office buildings apartment complexes and other residential housing.

In developed and developing communities there is a disconnect on most issues between the elites – the wealthy, opinion and decision makers – and the rest, especially regarding economic development, trade and the environment.

The connection between haves and have nots will occur when wealth creation, employment and entrepreneurship are linked to the climate change issue; till then, climate related issues will remain an issue of interest to a very select minority of earth’s population. The link is more likely to occur when technologically, economically and politically evolved regions like the Middle Atlantic States set the example and show the way to combat climate change; other communities will then follow in their footsteps to the benefit of all.

Ethical and Technical Solutions for Climate Change

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Cultural Heritage · eServices · Historic Towns · museums · Sustainable Communities

The Future of Your Community Public Library

the most democratic of our institutions

Your local public library is the quintessential American invention and, along with the local post office, the most democratic of our institutions because it is open to all: rich and poor, young and old, citizen and immigrant, the learned and those seeking to acquire and expand their knowledge. This valuable service is constantly being threatened by budget cutbacks.

Silver Spring LibraryThe role of a library in the community recently, I had the opportunity to talk with my favorite librarians in the town where I live and where I occasionally bring clients and visitors from our other American and international communities.

The question I asked: what does-a-library do and how does it do it. Here is what I was told: Libraries are in the literacy business; both the paper and the electronic type;

  1. children literacy: this is where it starts and where preschoolers and other pupils begin to acquire the skills needed to become productive citizens
  2. adult literacy: in a country of immigrants this is where “new Americans” learn language, customs, laws and traditions and the rest of us keep up with our obligations as citizens
  3. technology literacy: today, everything is online – job searches, benefits applications, filing tax returns, applying for a driver’s license, your favorite books and magazines.

New York City LibraryCulture Knowledge Learning Friendship and Sustainable Economic Development all in One Place

From paperback to e-everything services are provided at virtually zero out of pocket costs to inform, educate and even entertain a community. Despite cutbacks, there is an ongoing transition to the e-world of services – internet access, desktops, tablets and more; an unsustainable path, unless supported by additional and/or alternate funding sources.

Sustaining your library here are some options that generate additional resources without impacting the traditional mission of your local public library:

Info point for out of town visitors and locals without impacting library staff time

Meeting point for events, especially for education, training, study groups and job creation

Energy savings that reduce running costs, freeing up resources for regular library services.

Fort Worth Library Computer LabSustaining Your Library and Community

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America · canals · Cultural Heritage · eServices · Historic Towns · intercity transit · Maritime Heritage · museums · Rivers · travel plan

Historic Towns in the Lehigh Valley

Allentown Bethlehem Easton Nazareth Hazleton Jim Thorpe Wilkes-Barre

Allentown Symphony HallAllentown was a rural village founded in 1762 by William Allen, Chief Justice of Colonial Pennsylvania’s Supreme Court, known as Northampton town. A thriving town with roots in the iron industry, by 1829 Allentown expanded from a small Pennsylvania Dutch village of farmers and tradesmen to a center of commerce. With the opening of the Lehigh Canal, many canal workers made their homes here.

The Lehigh Valley Gave Birth to America’s Industrial Revolution

The Allentown Art Museum is one of the city’s main attractions and the Museum of Indian Culture honors the legacy of native Lenape people. Allentown’s Canal Park provides easy access to the D&LTrail and access to the waterways for hikers, bikers, joggers, paddlers and fishermen.

Monocacy Creek BethlehemBethlehem was named on Christmas Eve, 1741, by a group of Moravians who relocated from North Carolina and settled at the confluence of the Lehigh River and Monocacy Creek. The canal and the railroads lured large-scale industry to the south bank of the Lehigh River and the Bethlehem Iron Co., soon dominated the town’s economy and way of life. Steel made from local iron, coal and limestone was milled and forged, launching the Industrial Revolution of the late 19th Century.

Bethlehem is the Oldest City in the Lehigh Valley

Bethlehem has six distinct National Historic Districts as well as two National Historic landmarks. Many of its original structures built by early settlers still line downtown streets.

Easton ViewEaston is located at what the Lenape Indians knew as the Forks of the Delaware where the Lehigh and Delaware rivers merge and where the frontier town was laid out by William Penn. The town’s focal point was, and still is, a large central square. The first public reading of the Declaration of Independence outside of Philadelphia took place in Easton’s Centre Square in 1776 near the oldest continually running open-air Farmer’s Market in the United States.

Nazareth is located seven miles northwest of Easton, four miles north of Bethlehem and twelve miles northeast of Allentown at the foot of the Blue Mountain and includes the townships of Bushkill, Lower Nazareth, Upper Nazareth and the boroughs of Nazareth, Stockertown and Tatamy. Nazareth is the hometown of the world-famous Andretti formula 1 auto racing family.

Hazleton in the foothills of the Poconos is a year-round vacation destination 

Jim Thorpe Lehigh ValleyJim Thorpe was named after the legendary Native American athlete. It was originally established in 1818 as Mauch Chunk where entrepreneurs led by Josiah White formed the Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company that shipped anthracite coal and other goods to market via the Lehigh and Delaware Canals. The town’s steep hillsides, narrow streets, and terraced gardens earned it the nickname The Switzerland of America. Today, the restored Old Mauch Chunk Railroad Station in the center of the town offers visitor services and train rides into Lehigh Gorge. The Opera House presents live theater and music.

wilkes-barre ViewWilkes-Barre is part of the Wyoming Valley with the Susquehanna River flowing through the center of town. In the 1800s, hundreds of thousands of immigrants came here to work the mines leading to economic and cultural changes and affecting the railroad-and-canal system that stretched 165 miles southward to Bristol.

Your Travel Plan to visit the Historic Lehigh Valley Pennsylvania Towns

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Business · Conservation · Cultural Heritage · Efficiency · entrepreneurs · eServices · Geography · Historic Towns · intercity transit · Logistics · microtransit · Mobility · museums · Rivers · Sustainable Communities · water quality · waterways

Geography Community and Climate Change

Thesis Increased urbanization and mass migrations over the last century are key to understanding human factors in climate change; these are best understood by a careful reading of history and geography in your community. Regions of the Earth that are successfully addressing environmental problems should assist other communities, regardless of their location, set an example and provide knowledge and expertise.

Geography as defined by Halford Mackinder, bridges the gap between arts and science; it connects history and culture with the environment. Mankind and not nature initiates activities but nature in large measure controls –Fernand Braudel. Those working in harmony with environmental influences will triumph over those who strive against them – WH Parker. Human nature is motivated by fear, self-interest and honor – Thucydides.

wilkes-barre ViewSustainable Communities are created by addressing resource protection climate change air and water quality human health and well-being

My Community the Washington DC, Potomac River and Middle Atlantic Region of the United States is characterized by a highly educated and knowledgeable citizenry that is very sensitive to environmental issues and is engaged locally and regionally.

Key Issues Affecting Climate Change

Chesapeake watershedurbanization, traffic gridlock, population increases, community migrations

agricultural runoffs from rivers and tributaries into

farming in the outlying Chesapeake region and urban area water quality issues have led to bacteria in the waters, resulting in swimming bans in the bay, rivers and the ocean

budget limitations have led to reduced inspection of watersheds, hence less maintenance and increases in storm water failures allowing tens of thousands of pounds of nutrients to enter the waterways

education there is still a disconnect between the scientific community and the public at large; climate issues are still not part of mainstream thinking and daily life even in socially and economically sophisticated communities.  

Local Solutions to Climate Change

Richmond Historic Canal WalkGovernments at all levels are engineering political solutions:

o   an agreement between EPA and Agricultural Organizations to implement pollution reduction programs aimed at restoring the Bay to health by 2025, and

o   local food production and consumption, a plastic bag tax, green roofs, bike and car sharing programs, light rail and other forms of public transport

Real success in mitigating climate change will be achieved when environmentally sound practices are adopted by local populations; in democratic societies, this can be achieved when small businesses and entrepreneurs join government, nonprofit and volunteer groups in this effort.

Issues are taken more seriously when your lively-hood depends on it. Hence, information, education and training lead to sustainable wealth creation.

Global Solutions to Climate Change

self reliant communities images by EffektAt the dawn of the 20th Century only 14 percent of the world’s population lived in cities; by 2025, 75 percent will be in urban settings. There are already 468 cities with over a million in population; 40 of these cities have more than 10 million residents.

These circumstances lead to continued economic, social, security, environment and climate problems. Increasingly there is a devolution from supranational and national to regional and local institutions to tackle these issues.

The more fortunate communities have an obligation to share their know-how, expertise and experience in climate change; it is in their interest to do so.

Tell us about Your Community and Projects

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America · Cultural Heritage · eServices · Historic Towns · intercity transit · museums · travel plan

Pennsylvania Chocolate Craft Beer and Winery Tours

Hershey Harrisburg and the Susquehanna River Valley

Hershey ChocolateHershey and Chocolate create your own candy bar using real factory equipment and experience a free Chocolate Making Tour. Hershey’s Chocolate World Attraction offers visitors a unique, behind the scenes look at how the famous chocolate is made.  The sights, sounds, smells and taste of the chocolate making process come alive here!
The Hershey Story the Museum on Chocolate Avenue tells the incredible story of how did Milton Hershey went from bankruptcy to brilliance. Experience a hands-on Chocolate Lab class and sample warm drinking chocolate. Hershey Gardens is now 23 acres of breathtaking botanical beauty. The Children’s Garden and Butterfly House compliment this scenic destination. The Spa at Hotel Hershey is a getaway to be remembered.  Visitors can literally immerse themselves in a chocolate bath, or choose from an extensive selection of other specialty or traditional services.

Hershey Park Delights Guests of all Ages with more than 65 Rides and Attractions

Pride Of SusquehannaThe Pride of the Susquehanna Riverboat offers public sightseeing cruises along the Susquehanna River, plus themed evening cruises for families, groups and couples. The Pride is one of the last remaining authentic stern-driven paddle wheel vessels in the country.

VineyardCraft Beers and Wineries

Hershey Harrisburg Wine Country is as much about the experience as it is the wine.  The winery families invite you to learn about the process of a beautifully made wine, and of course to taste a variety of blends to please any palate. Breathtaking views await you at 15 award-winning wineries situated in the heart of Central Pennsylvania’s beautiful rolling hills.

Signature Wine Events in May June September and October; a series of entertainment and education experiences. Food pairings and special sessions with the winemakers.

Craft BeersTaste a Merlot based Chocolate Wine

Craft Beer Country ten local craft breweries are committed to producing and showcasing the finest handcrafted beer in Pennsylvania.  Get a glimpse of the brewing process and experience the dedication and artwork involved with creating these fine beverages.

Chocolate Beer Special Batches during Chocolate Covered February in Hershey

Museums Arts and Culture

The Pennsylvania National Fire Museum is located in in an 1899 Victorian Fire House in Harrisburg’s revitalized Midtown. Run by a group of dedicated volunteers it features displays from the Hand and Horse-drawn era to motorized apparatus from 1911 through 1947.
Antique AutosThe Antique Automobile Club of America Museum boasts an ever-changing display of famed cars, trucks, buses and motorcycles from the 1890s to 1980s. See the rarest vehicles and familiar wheels from movies like the bus used in Forrest Gump.
The Harrisburg Symphony Orchestra offers inspiring symphonic performances and educational programs for audiences of all ages. See these amazing musicians in concert at their home in the stunning, newly renovated Forum Building in Harrisburg or at various events around the region.

Harrisburg CapitolThe Pennsylvania State Capitol located in the heart of Harrisburg, Teddy Roosevelt called it the “handsomest building” he’d ever seen. Pennsylvania’s State Capitol is considered is considered priceless, a true Palace of Art.

Your Pennsylvania Arts and Culture Chocolate Craft Beer and Wineries Travel Plan

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Cultural Heritage · eServices · Mobility · Travel · travel plan

Covered Bridges Travel Itineraries

A Covered Bridge is defined as a bridge in which the trusses, sides, and roofs are made of wood, creating a complete enclosure; they were built that way to protect the structural integrity of the bridge that, left exposed, would otherwise have a useful life of only 10-15 years.

covered bridges in PennsylvaniaThese Structures were built throughout the world during 19th century. In the United States, Philadelphia lays claim to the first bridge, built in the early 1800s, that spanned the Schuylkill River by 30th Street. Eventually, nearly 12,000 covered bridges were in operation. By the 1950s, the hat number shrank to less than 1,500 as more affordable and durable materials came into existence.

Pennsylvania has 219 Covered Bridges the most of any State

Speakman Bridge 1 InteriorEarly Timber covered bridges consisted of horizontal beams laid on top of piles driven into the riverbed below. This construction method meant that the length between bridge spans was limited by the maximum length of each beam; development of the timber truss circumvented that limitation and allowed bridges to span greater distances than those with beam-only structures of stone, masonry or timber arch structures.

Zimmerman's Covered BridgeEuropean Truss Bridges used king and queen post configurations. Some early German bridges included diagonal panel bracing in trusses with parallel top and bottom chords. Wood deterioration upon exposure to weather was addressed with various forms of coverings. Beginning around 1820, new designs were developed, such as burr, lattice and brown trusses. By mid-century, the introduction of wrought iron and cast iron led to metal rather than timber trusses, except in areas where large timber remained plentiful.

Covered Bridges Travel Itineraries

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