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Exploring Brandywine Creek and Valley

Brandywine Creek is a tributary of the Christina River in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware. The Lower Brandywine is 20.4 miles long and is a designated Pennsylvania Scenic River with several tributary streams.

Development and Conservancy Issues in the 1960s, Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania in the historic Brandywine Valley, faced a possible massive industrial development that would impact a largely rural community.  Also, development plans in floodplain areas threatened to devastate water supplies for numerous communities in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware.

Residents bought endangered land and founded the Brandywine Conservancy in 1967.  The first conservation easements, protecting more than five and one-half miles along the Brandywine, were granted in 1969. 

These Experiences have placed the Brandywine Valley communities in the forefront of responsible land use, open space preservation and water protection with a focus on integrating conservation with economic development through land stewardship and local government assistance programs working with individuals, state, county and municipal governments and private organizations to permanently protect and conserve natural, cultural and scenic resources.

The Conservancy opened a museum in 1971 in the renovated Hoffman’s Mill, a former gristmill built in 1864, part of the Conservancy’s first preservation efforts.  It contains an unparalleled collection of American art with emphasis on the art of the Brandywine region, illustration, still life and landscape painting, and the work of the Wyeth family.

River Museums Microbrews and Shopping in Delaware and Southeastern PA

Professional Enrichment Tours address suburban sprawl, declining water quality, diminishing water supplies, vanishing agricultural land, loss of historic character, wildlife habitat degradation, and threatened biological resources. Learn to:

·         Protect and conserve land and water, natural, cultural and scenic resources;

·         Create and strengthen local government efforts that support resource conservation;

·         Improve site planning and design to support resource conservation;

·         Plan and conserve of natural and cultural resources;

·         Enhance awareness and knowledge of conservation approaches.

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On the way to the Brandywine Valley, it is worth visiting three cultural venues in Wilmington:

Rockwood Mansion & Park, an English country estate featuring unique gardens, a Rural Gothic mansion with conservatory, and a Victorian house museum with 19thand 20th century furnishings.

The Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts, located in the Wilmington Riverfront District, is a non-collecting contemporary art museum dedicated to the advancement of contemporary art. The DCCA houses seven galleries with over 30 exhibits annually, featuring the work of regional, national, and international artists.

The Delaware Art Museum founded in 1912, it offers vibrant family programs, studio art classes, a diverse collection of American art and illustration and an outdoor sculpture garden.

Explore Brandywine Valley, Delaware and Southeastern PA

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Congestion Pricing in Transport

a pricing strategy that regulates demand without increasing the supply

Congestion pricing entails surcharging users in excess demand situations for public transport, electricity, data and communications and road pricing to reduce traffic congestion. The policy objective is to leverage cost to make users sensitive when consuming during peak demand and pay for additional congestion, encouraging demand redistribution.

Implementation have reduced congestion in urban environments; however, critics point out that the system is not equitable even as many economists believe in the effectiveness of road pricing in some form. Four types are in use:

a cordon around downtown areas;

area wide congestion pricing;

city center toll ring, and

congestion pricing, where access to a location is priced.

Economic rationale at zero cost, demand exceeds supply, causing shortages corrected with equilibrium prices instead of increasing supply; this entails price increases when and where congestion occurs.

congestion pricing is one demand side efficiency strategy

A quantity supplied is less than the quantity demanded at what is essentially a price of zero. If a service is provided free of charge, people tend to demand more and waste it instead of paying the price that reflected its cost. Congestion pricing charges help allocate resources to their most valuable uses.

Road congestion pricing is found almost exclusively in urban areas and city centers whereas cordon area pricing is a fee paid by users to enter a restricted area. Its effectiveness has improved with technological advances in toll collection.

Cities that have implemented congestion pricing schemes show traffic volume reductions from 10% to 30% as well as reduced air pollution. In some locations, net earnings are invested to promote mobility management, reduce air pollution, initiate pedestrian and cycling strategies as well as upgrade public transportation.

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First and Last Mile Solutions in Intercity and Local Transit

supply-chain management transport hubs and mobility networks

First and Last Miles are terms used in supply chain management and transport planning to define the movements of passengers and cargo from a transit hub to final-destination.

Supply-chain management includes managing the movement of raw materials, the internal processing of materials into finished goods, and the movement toward the end consumer. Businesses ownership of raw materials sources and distribution channels are increasingly being outsourced to other firms that can perform these activities more efficiently, hence an increase in customer demand services and a reduced control of logistics operations. An increase in supply-chain partners results in enhanced supply-chain management, inventory visibility and speed of movement.

Transport planning defines policies, goals, investments and designs for future needs to move people and goods to destinations; a collaborative process that incorporates the input of government agencies, the public and businesses. Planners apply a multi-modal approach to evaluate alternatives and impacts on the transportation system to influence beneficial outcomes.  

Transport hubs is where passengers and cargo are exchanged between carriers and modes of transport. Public hubs include train and metro stations, bus stops, airports and ferry docks. Freight hubs include rail yards, air cargo and truck terminals and ports. Delta Air Lines pioneered the passenger hub and spoke system in 1955 and FedEx adopted the model for overnight package delivery during the 1970s.

City streets that function as transit hubs, also known as transit malls, feature public transport, bike and walking lanes, taxi and ride-hailing services; regular car traffic is reduced or banned entirely.s

hub and spoke transport is cheaper than through services

Last mile also describes the difficulty in getting people from railway stations, bus depots, and ferry slips to their final-destination. Conversely, difficulty in getting from the starting location to a transport network is referred to as the first mile problem. Land-use patterns have moved more jobs and people to lower-density suburbs not within walking distance to public transit, hence promoting reliance on the private automobile.

Solutions to first and last mile problems have included feeder buses and, more recently car-sharing, ride-hailing and bicycle sharing systems as well as micro-mobility services such as dockless electric scooters and electric-assist bike sharing.

Mobility Networks are community based informal entities designed to deliver services across the spectrum of transit modes and providers, including public transit, private operators, planners and stakeholders to benefit local and regional customers.

 A Mobility Management Network is comprised of members tasked with the integration of available and planned mobility options to increase the capacity of transport systems.

Coordinated Transportation services for commuters, older adults, people with disabilities and lower incomes individuals. Changes in demographics, shifts in land use patterns, and the creation of new and different job markets require new approaches for providing transportation services, particularly for customers with special needs.

Mobility Management Specializes in Individual Customers

Projects that focus on short-range planning, training, and managing activities that improve coordination among public transportation and other service providers as well as increase service options that would not otherwise be available for seniors and individuals with disabilities.

Affiliated Networks are representative of the primary interests of the participants which include public and private transit providers and human service transportation providers that focus on rural transit, seniors and persons with disabilities.

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Muscatine Iowa

Pearl of the Mississippi Watermelon Capital Commerce and Industry

Muscatine is situated on a series of bluffs and hills at a west-south bend in the Mississippi River. The river-bend gives the city roughly 260 degrees of riverfront with two creeks flowing into the Mississippi in downtown Muscatine. From the bluffs there is a beautiful view of the town below and of the Mississippi for miles up and down.  Located 25 miles (40 km) from the Quad Cities, 38 miles (61 km) from Iowa City and 68 miles (109 km) from Cedar Rapids, Muscatine is part of a larger community whose residents commute for work.

Muscatine Island is home to working-class neighborhoods and industry

Transport Muscatine is located along two designated routes of Iowa’s Commercial-Industrial Network; Highway 61 serves as a major agricultural-industry route to the south from Burlington to Muscatine, where it becomes a heavy-industrial and major commuter route to the northeast between Muscatine and Davenport; highway 61 serves as a shortcut for traffic from northeastern Missouri and southeastern Iowa to the Quad Cities, Chicago, and points beyond. Iowa 92 provides access to the Avenue of the Saints to the west and western Illinois via the Norbert Beckey Bridge to the east.

History Muscatine began as a trading post.The name may have been derived from the Mascoutin Native American tribe who lived along the Mississippi in the 1700s. From the 1840s to the Civil War, Muscatine had Iowa’s largest black community; fugitive slaves who traveled the Mississippi from the South and free blacks who had migrated from the eastern states.

Mark Twain lived here during the summer of 1855 while working at the Muscatine Journal

Town Slogans include Pearl of the Mississippi and Pearl Button Capital of the World, referring to when pearl button manufacturing by the McKee Button Company was a significant economic contributor and Weber & Sons Button Co was the world’s largest producer of fancy freshwater pearl buttons harvested from the Mississippi River. Muscatine is also known as the Watermelon Capital of the World, reflecting the agricultural and rural nature of the area.

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Jasper Indiana

German Festivals Wood Capital and Historic Commercial Buildings

Jasper is strategically located one-hour northeast of Evansville, 2 1/2 hours southwest of Indianapolis,1 1/2 hours west of Louisville and 3 hours east of St. Louis, this community is consistently ranked among the best small towns to live in Indiana and the United States, start a business as well as one of the safest.  

The Wood Capital of the World is home to many furniture companies and the Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame, which honors players and others associated with the national pastime who were born or lived in Indiana.

The Jasper post office has been in operation since 1832

The Jasper Strassenfest is a celebration between Jasper and its German sister-city Pfaffenweiler, a small village in southwest Germany; the four-day event is held annually during the first weekend in August. Visitors from Germany travel to Jasper around this time of year. The street festival encompasses the entire city square, complete with food stands, rides, a Biergarten and over 1,300 pounds of bratwurst. The Strassenfest culminates in a Sunday parade and evening fireworks. The festival also features a golf tournament, beauty pageant, box parade, fishing tournament, and a network of German Polka Masses at the three Roman Catholic parishes: St. Joseph’s, Holy Family, and Precious Blood.

Louis H. Sturm Hardware Store is a historic commercial building built about 1850; the three-story, three bay, Italianate style brick building houses the oldest continuously operated commercial retail business in Jasper.

Environment the 75-acre central park features two miles of trails, 25 acres of woods and wetlands utilized for nature studies as well as an indoor public event space, musical playground and four exercise pods.

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Lake Charles Louisiana

Creole and Cajun Traditions Mardi Gras and a Pirate Festival

Lake Charles, also known as Port of Jean Lafitte, River Lafitte and Charleston, was founded by merchants and tradesmen as an outpost. Located on a level plain about 30 miles (48 km) from the Gulf of Mexico with an elevation of 13 feet (4.0 m) on the banks of the Calcasieu River in Southwestern Louisiana, it borders Lake Charles, Prien Lake, Henderson, English and Contraband Bayou.

ryan street lake charles 1903Creole and Cajun Traditions the local culture includes the Lake Charles Symphony, founded in 1938, that hosts concerts at the Rosa Hart Theatre and the Lake Charles Little Theatre. The Imperial Calcasieu Museum features a permanent historical exhibit with artifacts, an art gallery and is home to the 400 years old Sallier oak tree. Historic City Hall Arts and Cultural Center hosts the Charlestown Farmers’ Market and the USS Orleck Naval Museum, located in North Lake Charles is a Veterans memorial and museum.

Historical Charpentier District is named for the carpenter-architects who built the mixed-style homes in the district. It features the Black Heritage Art Gallery, which is on the Louisiana African American Trail and the Mardi Gras Museum of Imperial Calcasieu with the largest collection of Mardi Gras memorabilia in the South.

arts and culture centerThe Louisiana Pirate Festival is a twelve-day annual festival held during the first two weeks of May. The celebrations are filled with savory Cajun food, family fun, and live entertainment. Following the legend of piracy on the lake and Contraband Bayou, the festival begins with pirate Jean Lafitte and his crew capturing the city and forcing the mayor to walk the plank.

Ocean-going Ships Sail from the Gulf of Mexico via the Calcasieu Ship Channel

The Port of Lake Charles is the thirteenth-busiest in the United States, the fourth-largest liner service seaport in the U.S. Gulf, and a major West Gulf container load center. The Calcasieu Ship Channel provides direct access to the Gulf of Mexico 34 miles (55 km) downstream. The ship channel intersects the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway just north of Calcasieu Lake.

henderson bayouPublic Transportation Lake Charles Transit provides five bus routes throughout the city which is also served by an intercity bus station and Amtrak’s Sunset Limited train route.

Industry petrochemical plants, an oil refinery and facilities for LNG receipt, storage, and regasification are located along the Calcasieu Ship Channel. Local industry also includes companies which services airplanes and a facility which manufactures and exports parts for nuclear power plants.

Commerce Lake Charles serves as the shopping and retail hub for a five-parish area. The Cottage Shop District is home to a dozen small businesses and the L’Auberge du Lac Casino offers upscale boutiques.

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Shared Mobility and Transit Logistics

public transit ride sharing car and shuttle services

bus rapid transitShared Transport has grown in recent years along with increased interest in urban redevelopment, environmental, energy and economic concerns. Wireless technology now provides innovative solutions. In terms of mobility, first and last mile solutions that help reduce traffic congestion and transit costs.

Car Sharing is a service that provides members with access to transport for hourly use. The shared cars are accessed with a reservation; charges are by time or mile. Benefits include affordable access, less dependence on fossil fuels and incentives to walk, cycle and public transit use.

Shared Trucks and Cargo Bikes Deliver at Lower Costs in the Commercial Sector

autobus d'epocaPublic Transit there is an untapped potential to integrate and offer shared modes to increase access and lower costs. Efforts are underway to develop integration platforms that cross modes and aggregate information about available transit options so that users can choose from a real-time menu to get to their destination, including transit, taxi service, cars or ride sharing.

Bike Sharing Systems Worldwide Have Grown from 74 to over 1000 since 2005

San Candido-Lienz1Bike Sharing encourages individuals the use of multiple transportation modes. Benefits range from increased mobility and health benefits to reduced fuel use. The objective is to integrate cycling into the daily transport network for commuting, personal trips and recreation. Publicly owned, contractor and nonprofit operated programs utilize IT-driven real-time information use technology to assist in demand management throughout a community.

The Story of Mobility in America

Transit LogisticsRide Sharing includes car and van pooling for commuters traveling to/from their place of employment as well as real-time ride sharing services through a mobile app before the trip starts and through which the passenger pays a share of the trip cost.

Ride-Sourcing providers operating as Transportation Network Companies (TNCs) use online platforms to connect passengers with drivers who use personal, non-commercial, vehicles. These companies are using traditional ride sharing, i.e. the sharing of one vehicle by multiple riders to reduce vehicle trips.

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