Water Resources Best Management Practices
Water Projects are catalysts in generating new employment and entrepreneurial efforts in communities that are in the forefront of managing watershed and water resources issues in urban and rural settings.
Communities are confronting new and complex challenges to achieve safe and affordable water supplies, collect and treat waste water and storm water, flood protection, rivers and streams for fishing and swimming. There are also challenges with aging infrastructure and the impact of climate change on human health and ecosystems.
Storm Water if rain is not properly managed and flows over impervious surfaces into the nearest storm drain, it can have a detrimental effect on rivers and streams. In an urban environment, storm water is also closely related to safety, flooding, waterway health and drinking water.
Challenges that Require New Infrastructure Investments and Approaches
Waterways urbanization is responsible for many of the sources that contribute to waterway degradation. Increases in impervious surface area and runoff have negative effects on stream flow. Once the natural physical condition of a waterway is compromised by pollution or excessive runoff, it sets off a chain of degradation: erosion, water temperature changes and habitat loss.
Watershed groups, municipalities, agencies, and conservation groups working together to develop watershed and restoration plans, implement projects and return streams to healthy thriving systems by implementing watershed assessments and planning programs, quality control plans, floodplain protection, land use management and storm water best management practices and more.
Infrastructure Requires Continuous Inspection and Maintenance
Conservation the true cost of water in a property should be measured as the water rate + the sewer rate multiplied by the water consumption volume + plus fees and other associated costs. In addition, while the water usage profile varies by building type and use, mechanical systems account for 30 percent of water use in a typical building, with cooling towers nearly 50 percent and outdoor usage another 20-30 percent.
Water Heating Accounts for 8 % of Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings
Sub-meters help identify inefficiencies and malfunctions as leaks account for six percent of water usage and older fixtures consume up to five times more water prompting installation of leak detection systems.
Billing Meters Sub Meters Metrics Outdoors Landscaping O&M Irrigation
The Cost of Water is deceptively low as building owners and tenants pay for water twice – water supplied + water discharged to the sewer. Additional considerations include the cost of energy required to pump and heat water and rate increases over time from energy and water utilities. Cost control solutions and incentives range from fulfilling water requirements for building certifications, conducting water audits, inclusive of leak detection, to incorporating water efficiency into standard operating procedures and procurement policies.
Billing Issues verify your property’s rate class and meter size, read water meters regularly to verify usage – units and scale of readings should match bills and internal log books.
Micro-Irrigation for Water-Efficient Landscaping
Micro-irrigation technologies include bubbler, drip, trickle, mist, or spray and subsurface water emitters. Install micro-irrigation equipped with pressure regulators, filters, and flush end assemblies.
Sprinkler irrigation refers to types of irrigation that use mechanical devices with nozzles (sprinklers) to distribute the water by converting water pressure to a high-velocity discharge stream or streams.
Other technologies for reducing water use include control technologies that measure the moisture in the soil and tailor the irrigation schedule accordingly, rain sensors and rainfall shut-off devices that turn off irrigation on rainy days, and rotary spray sprinkler heads that lose less water to evaporation than misters.
Water Assessment Tools for Commercial and Institutional Facilities
understanding water use and identifying savings opportunities