Commerce · Efficiency · hub and spoke transport · intercity transit · Last Mile · Logistics · mobility network · optic fiber · Performance

Telecom and Energy Networks First and Last Miles

The last mile or last kilometer is a term widely used in the telecommunication, energy and transportation industries to deliver services to retail customers; specifically, it refers to the portion of the network chain that physically reaches the end-user’s premises. The word mile is a metaphor because the last mile of a network to the user is conversely the first mile from the user’s premises to the outside world when the user is sending data or initiating a transport service.

The Speed Bottleneck in networks occurs in the last/first mile; bandwidth effectively limits the data that can be delivered to the customer because networks have relatively few high capacity trunk channels branching out to feed many final mile clients. The final mile links, being the most numerous and thus most expensive part of the system, as well as having to interface with a wide variety of user equipment, are the most difficult to upgrade to new technology. Phone trunk lines that carry calls between switching centers are made of optical-fiber but the last mile is a technology which has remained unchanged for over a century since the original laying of copper phone cables.

The term last mile has expanded outside the communications industries to include other distribution networks that deliver goods to customers, such as the pipes that deliver water and natural gas and the final legs of mail and package deliveries. The problem of sending any given amount of information across a channel can therefore be viewed in terms of sending Information-Carrying Energy ICE. For this reason, the concept of a pipe or conduit is relevant for examining existing systems.

conduits that carry small amounts of a resource a short distance to physically separated endpoints

Cost and Efficiency the high-capacity conduits in these systems tend to also have in common the ability to efficiently transfer a resource over a long distance. Only a small fraction of the resource being transferred is wasted or misdirected. The same cannot be said of lower-capacity conduits; this has to do with efficiency of scale. Conduits that are located closer to the end-user, do not have as many users supporting them; resources supporting these smaller conduits come from the local area. Resources for these conduits can be optimized to achieve the best solutions, however, lower operating efficiencies and greater installation expenses can cause these smaller conduits to be the most expensive and difficult part of a distribution system.

economies of scale increases of a conduit’s capacity are less expensive as the capacity increases

The economics of information transfer an effective last-mile conduit must:

Deliver signal power, must have adequate signal power capacity;

Experience low occurrence of conversion to unusable energy forms;

Support wide transmission bandwidth;

Deliver high signal-to-noise ratio, low unwanted-signal power;

Provide nomadic connectivity.

In addition, a good solution to the last-mile problem must provide each user high availability, reliability, low latency and high per-user capacity. A conduit which is shared among multiple end-users should provide a correspondingly higher capacity in order to properly support each individual user for information transfer in each direction.

Optical fiber offers high information capacity and is the medium of choice for scalability given the increasing bandwidth requirements of modern applications. Unlike copper-based and wireless last-mile mediums, it has built-in future capacity through upgrades of end-point optics and electronics without having to change the existing fiber infrastructure. 

optical fiber is the future of local and regional commerce

Business · Conservation · destination management · Efficiency

Financing Energy Efficiency Projects

Energy Efficiency Projects face several financial impediments, including:

Information financial institutions often lack a full understanding of energy efficiency technologies which are almost always investments with long repayment terms;

Commercial Lenders are risk averse to this type of credit exposure while investment funds have a greater appetite for risk but focus on large volume transactions, hence

Energy Efficiency projects that would benefit small towns and rural communities require specific and unique knowledge, expertise and funding sources.

Main Street Historic DistrictsSolutions

Energy Audits provide the necessary information on current consumption patterns and establish baselines for future demand and consumption with IT-based monitoring and controlling systems whose software gathers and elaborates data coming from smart meters.

ESCOs are energy and water service/savings companies that provide design, implementation and financing of energy/water saving projects via retrofits, conservation, infrastructure outsourcing, power generation and supply, as well as risk management as they share in the risk borne by the project beneficiary as the funding source buys energy savings receivables resulting from the project.

NREL Image Processing Occupancy SensorProject Tasks include: identification and evaluation of energy-saving opportunities; developing engineering designs and specifications; project management from design to installation to monitoring; energy supply at the best costs; funding; staff training and ongoing maintenance services; guarantees that savings cover project costs; understanding and applying of energy standards, laws and incentives.

Energy Performance Contracts contain risk allocation, cash flow segregation, financial instruments and controls with the appropriate management information systems.

Economies of Scale and larger volume finance transactions are achieved by linking with similar size and type projects in other small towns and rural communities.

self reliant communities 3 images by EffektTell Us About Your Project

Arezza Bot

 

America · Business · canals · Conservation · Cultural Heritage · destination management · Efficiency · Historic Towns · intercity transit · Logistics · Maritime Heritage · microtransit · Mobility · museums · Rivers · Travel

Projects in Historic Towns

Capitalizing Managing and Marketing Tourism and Environment Projects

The Successful Implementation of Projects in one or more local areas rests on a clear plan to develop and implement a commercial strategy as well as the identification and application of the capital and human resources required.

downtown silver spring maryland.jpegCommercial Strategies Economies of Scale Revenue Based Funding and Sharing

A Key Objective is to achieve some measure of economies of scale in historic small towns and rural areas with a team effort across multiple communities that share in the marketing and sales effort as well as revenue generating and sharing.

Business Philosophy develop, fund and manage sustainable tourism, environmental and community economic development projects in collaboration with local partners.

Mission create new sustainable wealth and economic opportunities in a community by:

  • Improving local knowledge and expertise,
  • Ensuring accountability and responsibility by participants,
  • Educating visitors to ensure respect for local values and traditions,
  • Utilizing market forces to achieve economies of scale and purchasing power,
  • Focusing on sustainable projects in tourism, energy efficiency and water resources,
  • Generating capital resources for small enterprises,
  • Partnering with local government and nonprofits to reach into the community.

BricktownLocal a project made specifically for your community that draws on the history, traditions and talents that are unique to your town and region.

Collective a multidisciplinary approach that rests on income creating pillars:

Education and Training; Water Conservation and Management; Energy Savings and Creation Programs;

Travel Related Services and Local Typical Products.

Private and Public drawing on the resources, expertise and vantage points of both in a carefully constructed partnership that is unique to the culture, values and needs of your territory.

Entrepreneurial the freedom to be creative, to try something new, and to succeed!

Sustainable quality skills that empower individuals in the community in respect of the environment

Where history and culture, knowledge and learning, local citizens and visitors, the past and the future can come together and, building on past achievements, create new opportunities.

Experience the Hill CountrySelf-Finance In Kind Payments Revenue Based Funding and Sharing

Local Area Special Purpose Vehicles – SPVs – are Independent of each other but benefit from Economies of Scale generated by a Joint Marketing and Management Project thus addressing a Key Problem that prevents the Resurgence of America’s Historic Towns.

Project Targets small commercial, retail and office buildings as well as museums and entertainment venues located in historic districts and main streets of towns and suburban areas that have a history as manufacturing, agricultural and/or river, canal, coastal, rail and lake transport hub communities.

Tell Us About Your Town

Arezza Bot

Business · Conservation · Cultural Heritage · destination management · Efficiency · Historic Towns · intercity transit · Maritime Heritage · microtransit · Mobility · museums · Rivers

Tourism and Environment Projects in Historic Towns

Managing and Marketing Tourism and Environment Projects

The Successful Implementation of Projects in one or more local areas rests on a clear plan to develop and implement a commercial strategy as well as the identification and application of the capital and human resources required.

A Commercial Strategy with Economies of Scale and Revenue Based Funding 

Aberdeen Main Street 1912Objective achieve some measure of economies of scale in small towns and rural communities through the application of a team effort across multiple communities that share in the marketing and sales effort as well as revenue generation.

Business Philosophy develop, fund and manage sustainable tourism, environmental and community economic development projects in collaboration with local partners.

Mission create new economic opportunities in your community by: Improving local knowledge and expertise, Ensuring accountability and responsibility by participants, Educating clients about your historic town to ensure respect for local values and traditions, Utilizing market forces to achieve economies of scale and purchasing power, Developing markets for products and services, Focusing on sustainable projects in tourism, energy efficiency and water resources, Generating capital resources for small enterprises, Partnering with local government and nonprofits to reach into a community,

A Local Economic Development Program that creates New Entrepreneurial Opportunities

Rondout West StrandLocal a project made specifically for your community that draws on the history, traditions and talents that are unique to your town and region.

Collective a multidisciplinary approach that rests on the following income creating pillars:

Education and Training; Water Conservation and Management; Energy Savings and Creation Programs;

Travel Related Services and Local Typical Products.

Private and Public drawing on the resources, expertise and vantage points of both in a carefully constructed partnership that is unique to the culture, values and needs of your territory.

Boats in GeorgetownEntrepreneurial the freedom to be creative, to try something new, and to succeed!

Sustainable quality skills that empower individuals in the community in respect of the environment

Where history and culture, knowledge and learning, local citizens and visitors, the past and the future can come together and, building on past achievements, create new opportunities.

wilson store

Project Targets small commercial, retail and office buildings as well as museums and entertainment venues located in historic towns that have a history as manufacturing, agricultural and river, canal, coastal, rail and lake transport hubs.

Utilization purchase and/or lease of energy efficiency and water resources equipment, parts and related software, legal and accounting services, social media, traditional marketing and advertising, specialized consulting in community planning, architecture and design and training services.

Arezza Bot