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Morgantown West Virginia

historic neighborhoods industry river shipping and personal rapid transit

Morgantown is located just south of the Mason-Dixon Line, 75 miles (121 km) south of Pittsburgh, 208 mi (335 km) north-northwest of Washington, D.C., 204 mi (328 km) east of Columbus and 156 miles (251 km) northeast of Charleston, WV.

downtown morgantownThe History of Morgantown is closely tied to the Anglo-French struggle for this territory. Until the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the area was greatly contested by white settlers and Native Americans, and by British and French soldiers. Several forts were built during this time, including Fort Morgan in 1772 when Zackquill Morgan established a homestead near present-day Fayette Street and University Avenue.wharf-districtThe city is comprised of several neighborhoods that were once independent towns, including: First Ward, Woodburn, South Park, Jerome Park, South Hills, Second Ward, Greenmont, Suncrest, Evansdale, Wiles Hill, Sunnyside, Sabraton, the Mileground, and North Hills. While some of these are in part or entirely outside the city limits, they are still considered part of Morgantown as trolley cars determined how far people lived outside of the city.

Development of the DuPont Ordnance Works during World War II resulted in prefabricated homes being constructed in Suncrest, the names of some streets reflected the community’s participation in various service organizations, such as Civitan, Kiwanis, Lions and Rotary.

In 2000, the White House Millennium Council designated Suncrest as a Millennium Community

woodburn circle uwvSouth Park is across Deckers Creek from downtown Morgantown. Originally farmland, it was one of the first suburbs of Morgantown. In the early 20th century, South Park experienced a housing boom, with wealthy and influential citizens settling there. The neighborhood is designated a historic district by the National Register of Historic Places.

Following World War II, many new families came to Woodburn, attracted by the parkland, closeness to downtown, community atmosphere, and nearby school. In 1950, Tom and Anna Torch opened the Richwood Avenue Confectionery, a corner store and lunch counter that served beer in large Weiss goblets from the Morgantown Glassworks. When they sold the operation in 1963 to Mario and Rose Spina, the establishment was nicknamed Mario’s Fishbowl in honor of the goblets.

morgantown personal rapid transitTransportation Morgantown relies heavily on the Monongahela River for shipping coal and other products. The river is fully navigable from its mouth at the Ohio River in Pittsburgh, past Morgantown upstream to Fairmont Morgantown Lock and Dam, located in the southern part of the city.

Transit Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit PRT most of Morgantown is accessible by the Mountain Line Transit Authority bus system. The Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit PRT system covers 8.65 miles (13.9 km) and has five stations.

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Discover Lansdowne Pennsylvania

Victorian Homes a Farmers Market a Theater Symphony Orchestra and a 350-year old Tree

Albertson Subdivision

The Borough of Lansdowne is located 6 miles – 10 km – southwest of Center City Philadelphia in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. The 1.2 square mile borough is primarily residential with a commercial center near a railroad stop, established in the early 1900s, near the intersection of Lansdowne Avenue and Baltimore Pike.

Lansdowne was once a vacation resort for residents of Philadelphia. People traveled by rail and horse to relax in the borough’s Victorian homes. Many of the homes have since been turned into multiple-dwelling apartments. Lansdowne is trying to preserve the integrity of its lovely, big homes. It is home to numerous arts organizations, including the Lansdowne Symphony Orchestra, Celebration Theater, the Lansdowne Folk Club, and the Lansdowne Arts Festival.

The Farmers Market runs on Saturdays from 9 am to 1 pm, between Memorial Day and Halloween

Farmers MarketEvery Market features an Artist and a Musician of the Week, which opens the event to the local arts and culture community as well as live entertainment and new handcrafted products. Special events include three Community Days, during which extra spots are opened to local organizations, businesses, and private citizens for promotion and sales along with a Kid-centric Day and a Dog Day.

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lansdowne theaterSeveral historic buildings are in the community, including a movie theater and clubhouse, and two areas on the National Register of Historic Places: Lansdowne Theater, the Twentieth Century Club of Lansdowne, the Henry Albertson Subdivision Historic District and Lansdowne Park Historic District.

A Quaker community and a Friends’ Meeting House are located on Lansdowne Avenue. Also, Scottish weavers lived and worked here during the 19th Century; their houses are still in existence.

Lansdowne is home to a 350-year-old sycamore tree one of the largest in Pennsylvania.

Gladstone Manor MapGladstone Manor dates from the 1920s; it was designed to have the appearance of a small English village. The neighborhood, affectionately known as The Manor by its residents, is located at the western end of Lansdowne.


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Between Two Cities – Explore Historic Grapevine, Texas

The small town of Grapevine, Texas is located on a beautiful lake by the same name, right between Dallas and Fort Worth.  It is the home of the DFW International Airport – the world’s fourth largest airport.  DFW has nonstop service from more than 200 cities, including over 50 international destinations, making Grapevine a great meeting place for all manner of travelers.

Main Street is central to historic downtown and features a public library, recreation center, antique stores, restaurants, bars, theaters, a park, and many specialty shops.  You can also bottle your own wine, explore Historic Nash Farm, and stroll through the Botanical Gardens.  Of course, Lake Grapevine is a gem to behold with a lot of activities, entertainment, and accommodation options located at its shores.  Truly, Grapevine has a lil’ something for everyone!

Historic District© Lindsay Tuggle

The Continuing Impact of the Railroad

The Main Street Historic District includes over fifty historic buildings which contributed to the town’s development. Founded in 1844, Grapevine is the oldest community in Tarrant County.  In 1888, when the Cotton Belt Railroad finally came to Grapevine, businesses flourished.  The wooden buildings on Main Street were quickly replaced with new structures constructed of locally-made brick. At least eighty percent of the commercial buildings in the historic district date from that affluent period.

vintage railroad© Matt Harvey

The Vintage Railroad follows a scenic route to the Fort Worth Stockyards along the Cotton Belt Railroad right-of-way.  The service is a great tourist attraction due to its slow speeds and is a must for any parents with young children. The Grapevine Rail also hosts one of the community’s seven winery tasting rooms.

Grapevine Train© The Commoner

New train stations have been constructed downtown and north of the airport which follow the existing rail lines.  These begin from downtown Fort Worth, heading northeast to downtown Grapevine, and then into the north entrance of Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. The route connects with other transportation services, including the Trinity Railway Express (TRE) commuter rail service, AMTRAK’s Texas Eagle and Heartland Flyer (to OKC), and downtown bus transfer center at the Fort Worth Intermodal Transportation Center, as well as a connection to the Dallas Dart Rail.

To say that Grapevine is off the beaten path is a great untruth – it’s connections to Dallas and Fort Worth, as well as other domestic and international destinations, make it a perfect intermediary locale when visiting the area.

White Wine© The Wine Write

A Burgeoning Wine Region

Texas is a major wine producer in the United States, thanks to a sunny and dry climate.  The earliest recorded wine making in El Paso was by Spanish missionaries in the 1650s.  Notably, Texas boasts more than 4,400 acres of vineyard farmland and a variety of vintages for you to try.

There are 310 wineries in Texas, ranging from small producers who concentrate on tourism, to large wineries catering to national and international markets.  There are also eight American Viticultural Areas in Texas, which for the layman, are designated wine grape-growing regions within the United States, distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB), United States Department of the Treasury.  Harvest time is normally around the end of July, two months before California and three months earlier than many of France’s wine regions.

In keeping with the state’s tradition of doing things big or not at all, more than 1.5 million gallons of wine are produced in Texas, with an economic impact of over $1.83 billion.  Grapevine itself is home to a vibrant and growing urban wine trail, featuring daily wine tastings and special events throughout the year.  From strong and bold Texas red wines to crisp and clean Texas white wines, you’ll find a variety of favorite taste sensations.

Grapevine Palace Theater© Grapevine Texas Online

The Arts & Culture Scene

Downtown Grapevine is home to numerous art galleries, many within walking distance of one another.  Enjoy a live glass blowing demonstration at a glass blowing studio or watch a blacksmith weld at a blacksmith shop. Beautiful works of art can be found at new and recently opened galleries throughout the city.  The city also boasts the Grapevine Opry, where country music classics are performed; the Texas Star Dinner Theater, where the Wild West comes to life; and the 1940s-era Palace Arts Theatre, with live performances and classic movies.

The Grapevine Public Art Trail is a self-guided walking tour between the Cotton Belt Depot and Northwest Highway.  It features bronze works of art that depict characters of the city as well as scenes of Grapevine’s history.  Local museums and galleries host a variety of art, cultural, historical, and educational exhibitions through a wide variety of mediums and artists.

In particular, Vetro Glassblowing Studio & Fine Art Gallery is an incredible place to learn about the Italian glassblowing craft and view spectacular works of art.  As a working studio, visitors get to see firsthand how the artisans at Vetro sculpt glass through live studio sessions.

Grapevine’s museum plaza is home to two 19th century pioneer homes and a school house. The plaza and the museums speak to life on the Grape Vine Prairie and to the larger story of settling Texas. Three museums – The Donald Schoolhouse MuseumThe Keeling House Museum, and the Grapevine Cotton Ginners Museum – offer educational exhibits, hands-on activities, and a collection of 19th century artifacts.  All of these represent the community as a commercial center. Grapevine’s art and museum community continues to expand with art exhibitions ranging from Texas history and space exploration, to agricultural heritage and contemporary art.

Ultimately, the historic city of Grapevine is a great place to get lost for a few hours, a day, or even a week.  Lake Grapevine alone is reason enough to visit for some water sporting adventure.  It’s easy to discover something new every time you visit this hidden gem, which hides in plain sight on many Dallas/Fort Worth maps.  I highly recommend making time for an excursion to good ol’ Grapevine.

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The Bozeman Brewery Historic District

Julius Lehrkind came to Bozeman in 1895, bought out the local Spieth and Krug brewery, and carried on the Bozeman Brewery name and business in the large new brewery he built in the northeastern corner of the city, a sparsely developed area located adjacent to the Northern Pacific Railroad facilities. His German heritage likely influenced his decision to locate the family home adjacent to his brewery, rather than in the rapidly developing residential districts on the south side. In the tradition of his native country, Lehrkind brought numerous members of his family into the business; the small, residential, family compound grew adjacent to the brewery between 1897 and 1912.

The Genuine Lager Bozeman Brewery contributed to technological developments in the beer making industry. During the 1860s, lager breweries surpassed ale breweries in both number and production in the United States, With the introduction of mechanical refrigeration during the 1880s, lager brewery architecture took on its characteristic appearance. Typical of the period construction, enormous refrigeration rooms with cork-lined walls were constructed within the Bozeman Brewery building. Beer would be aged in the refrigeration rooms for 6 months. At full production, it turned out 40,000 barrels of beer annually. The malting plant where barley was treated prior to brewing had a 3 million-pound capacity.

Barley became an important crop in the Gallatin Valley by the 1890s

The historic district is composed of five historic buildings that are directly associated with the Julius Lehrkind family and the family-owned and -operated Bozeman Brewery business. The remains of the brewery, a four-story brick structure, stand at the north end of the district. Across the street is the one-story, brick bottling plant. To the south of the two industrial buildings is the Lehrkind family compound, consisting of the Queen Anne style Julius Lehrkind House, and two modest houses built a decade later.

The district is located in the northeastern corner of the city near the Northern Pacific Railroad depot

The Bozeman Brewery building, built in 1895, was the largest building in Bozeman until the construction of the Montana State University Field House in 1957. The present facade of the brewery building is asymmetrical and consists of an off-center entrance bay with three flanking, vertically fenestrated divisions to the south and five un-fenestrated divisions to the north. The sand improved drainage may have acted to cushion the building from the reverberations of the 1959 earthquake. Three water wells were dug beneath the brewery, one to a depth of 200 feet. Approximately 12,000 square feet of the brewery building was devoted to refrigeration rooms. The floors and walls of the refrigeration rooms have cork sandwiched between layers of concrete. The roof is flat and has four, large skylights.

The Julius Lehrkind House is a two-and-one-half-story Queen Anne residence; built in 1898, forms the central focus of the district today. This well preserved, large, irregular plan, brick house responds to its corner lot location with a wrap-around porch set at the base of an octagonal corner turret and a corner, etched glass front entrance. The porch has arched wooden detailing and a decorative balustrade. The combination gable roof is covered with cedar shingles and features gable end decorative detailing in wood and a second story porchette with a gothic arch on one side and a Roman arch on the other.

The Henpy Lehrkind House dates from 1908; is a one-and-one-half- story, clapboard-sided residence of an irregular plan with a cut-away corner entry. The two-bay facade is asymmetrical and consists of an offset, glass-pane front entrance. Windows are one-over-one double hung units and there is a bay ^indow on the front facade. The combination gambrel-hipped-gable roof is covered with brown asphalt shingles and features a hip- roofed dormer on the north elevation.

The Edwin Lehrkind House was constructed in 1912. This one- and-one-half-story, gable-front, Bungalow style residence has a rectangular plan with a recessed stone porch across the front. The frame construction is finished with narrow reveal bevel siding to the window sill level, and alternating rows of wide and narrow reveal shingles above. Windows are one-over-one double hung units and the roof is covered with cedar shingles.

During Prohibition, the family diverted their energies to the soft drink business with a one-story, brick bottling plant constructed in 1925. This commercial structure has an irregular plan with a diagonal corner entrance. The buildings included within the Bozeman Brewery Historic District retain a high degree of historic architectural integrity, except the Brewery building itself, which has been reduced in size by the demolition of the eastern three bays and compromised by the construction of a two-story, concrete masonry unit addition in 1948. The brewery nevertheless retains sufficient historic architectural integrity to accurately recall its early function and remains an important, integral component of the historic district.

The six residential and industrial buildings that compose this small historic district stand as a cohesive group that serve to reflect art important aspect of Bozeman ‘s historical development, industrial, social, and ethnic history.

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A Travel Services Network for Your Main Street and Historic District

Travel Itineraries Community Businesses  Vacation Travel Services and Energy Efficiency

All-The-World-14Travel Itineraries that draw on local history, traditions and talents in small towns across the United States and include: historical tourism, environment friendly destinations, family vacations, architectural tours, food and wine itineraries, professional enrichment and training programs.

Community businesses capable of managing incoming travel services that benefit from a centralized marketing and sales program. Resources generated from inbound travel transactions are made available to the regions, towns, and neighborhoods visited to help pay for the longer-term marketing and management of tourism and environment related services.

Tourism Projects Generate Resources for Local Environmental Initiatives

Dock-street-Brewery-J.Fusco-900VPVirtual Hotel Towns address the demand for sustainable quality tourism in urban and rural areas. Guest and local interactions promote historic preservation and re-urban initiatives. Local Projects integrate architecture with digital media to engage visitors as well as interactions with locals.


Innovative Solutions for Your Main Street and Historic District 

in Travel Services and Energy Efficiency

Inbound Travel resources help museums theaters and historic properties on Main Street and Historic Districts and utilize travel accommodations and services in historic buildings structured as virtual hotel villages.

Energy Efficiency projects in small town main street and historic districts. Power purchase agreements and distributed generation projects facilitate the financing of ready to implement green power projects in your community.

Experiential Tourism with the Traveler as Protagonist

beale street in the daytimeExperiences designed around multiple interests that ensure unique emotions; the traveler participates alongside local cooks, artists, craftsmen, and expert tour guides in activities:

o   rooted in the territory; it can happen only here, and

o   with uniquely local events, including food and wine tastings

o   specifically modified and tailored to your preferences

memorable unique and unrepeatable!

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Hagerstown Maryland Commercial Historic District

The Hagerstown Commercial Core Historic District consists approximately of a one and a half by two block rectangle which includes the major retail center of town. The center of the district is the public square which is formed by the junction of Potomac and Washington Streets, the two major traffic arteries in the city. The district extends one half block east of the public square, north to Franklin Street, west to Summit-Jonathan Streets and east to Antietam Street. It is made up almost entirely of commercial buildings constructed or remodeled for retail purposes during the last 20 years of the 19th century and the first 20 years of the 20th century.

Hagerstown Historic District photo credit Douglass C ReedA 40-year period representing the peak of Hagerstown’s prosperity

Exceptions to the commercial character of the district but integral to it are two prominently located government structures, the Washington County Courthouse built in 1874 and listed individually in the National Register of Historic Places, and the City Hall, built in 1939. Most of the buildings within the district retain the architectural characteristics of the period of their significance and provide a showcase of late 19th and early 20th century commercial styles.

Hagerstown became a major manufacturing city in Maryland. This industrial prosperity led to a commercial boom period which is illustrated by this historic district, in the stylistic continuity of the buildings representative of popular commercial styles of the turn of the century. Three major building types are found in the district: late Italianate two and three-story buildings with prominent bracketed cornices; elaborate baroque and neo-classical forms associated with the Beaux Arts style; and a very simple early 20th century commercial style featuring strongly rectilinear forms.

The topography of the district slopes from north and west to the south and east. North Potomac Street between the square and Franklin Street has a substantial change in grade, leveling as it reaches the square. West Washington Street, West Antietam Street in the blocks west of the west boundary of the district rise sharply in grade, but level as they reach Summit Avenue. At the east edge of the district East Washington and East Antietam Streets drop in elevation between North Potomac and Jonathan Streets. Much of the district, except for its northeast corner, lies in a small plateau between grades.

A commercial center since the 18th century for Washington County and the tri-state area which includes southern Franklin County, Pennsylvania and the eastern panhandle of West Virginia, Hagerstown became a leading furniture manufacturer, flour and grist mills, organs and knit goods as well as a rail center with machine shops, steam railroad repair shops.

Hagerstown Commercial Core Historic Districtlarge hotels catering to rail and automobile travelers were built

Hotels like the Dagmar, built in 1910 and located at the southwest corner of the district, were built to serve rail travelers. Early advertisements emphasize its advantageous location opposite the B & 0 Railroad and near the Cumberland Valley and Norfolk and Western Railroad stations.

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Annapolis Maryland Historic District

The capital of the State of Maryland is an example of an attempt to create a European style urban environment in a North American setting by use of a modified baroque plan. Departing from the grid pattern characteristic of many American towns, the planners adopted a modified baroque plan, first applied by French baroque designers in garden layout, as at Versailles. This influence soon spread to England and was adapted by Christopher Wren and John Evelyn for the rebuilding of London after the 1666 fire. In the accepted planning practice of this style, the highest and most commanding locations were reserved for the State House and church.

Annapolis anorama from State House 1911Annapolis developed in harmony with the original plan of 1695 to emerge in the mid-eighteenth century as the focal point of Maryland government, politics, commerce and as a center of wealth and culture.

The basic features of that early city have survived to the present and provide the boundaries for the historic district. Some streets within Old Town have been widened and a few street names have been altered, but the original plan is little changed. In addition to the many outstanding individual examples of high Georgian design, scores of two and three-story buildings line streets such as Cornhill, Market, and Conduit. None are distinguished in design or detail, but all are harmonious in scale and materials.

Annapolisthe planners separated residential and official areas from artisan commercial, and port activities

Location in 1695, under the direction of Royal Governor Sir Francis Nicholson, the capital of the colony of Maryland was transferred from its original location, St. Mary’s, to a more central and accessible spot on a peninsula between the present Spa and College Creeks at the mouth of the Severn River. The site of the new capital, then denominated Anne Arundel Town, had been sparsely settled since the mid-seventeenth century. Befitting the seat of royal power in absentia the colonial government determined to plan and survey a new town of about 100 acres, which was soon enlarged to over 140 acres. The town, renamed Annapolis to honor Princess – later Queen – Anne, was incorporated in 1696.

Annapolis waterfrontThe District is home to many notable 18th century structures. Among them are the William Reynolds Tavern at Church Circle, McDowell Hall and the Charles Carroll-Barrister Birthplace on the Saint John’s College Campus, the John Rideout House on Duke of Gloucester Street, the Peggy Stewart House on Hanover Street. The area between Franklin, Northwest, Calvert, Larkin and Shaw Streets contains twenty-five 18th century buildings. Commercial fronts hide the antiquity of 16 early Annapolis buildings along West Street between Church Circle and the intersection of West, Calvert, and Cathedral Streets. To the west of this is Acton, a Palladian mansion completed in 1762 for Philip Hammond, slightly outside the original town limits. This house is noteworthy for its unusual design, the facade facing Acton Place being composed of two pavilion motifs flanking a slightly recessed single center bay, the reverse of the usual arrangement.

Annapolis Historic districtThe State House on State Circle is a National Historic Landmark. Begun in 1772 and completed in 1784, it was the meeting place of the Continental Congress, 1783-84. It was here that George Washington resigned his commission as commander of the American armies, December 23, 1783, and Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris, formally ending the Revolutionary War on January 14, 1784. This Georgian public building is capped by a 150-foot wooden dome which was completed in 1793 and is the prototype of many subsequent state house domes.

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