supply-chain management transport hubs and mobility networks
First and Last Miles are terms used in supply chain management and transport planning to define the movements of passengers and cargo from a transit hub to final-destination.
Supply-chain management includes managing the movement of raw materials, the internal processing of materials into finished goods, and the movement toward the end consumer. Businesses ownership of raw materials sources and distribution channels are increasingly being outsourced to other firms that can perform these activities more efficiently, hence an increase in customer demand services and a reduced control of logistics operations. An increase in supply-chain partners results in enhanced supply-chain management, inventory visibility and speed of movement.
Transport planning defines policies, goals, investments and designs for future needs to move people and goods to destinations; a collaborative process that incorporates the input of government agencies, the public and businesses. Planners apply a multi-modal approach to evaluate alternatives and impacts on the transportation system to influence beneficial outcomes.
Transport hubs is where passengers and cargo are exchanged between carriers and modes of transport. Public hubs include train and metro stations, bus stops, airports and ferry docks. Freight hubs include rail yards, air cargo and truck terminals and ports. Delta Air Lines pioneered the passenger hub and spoke system in 1955 and FedEx adopted the model for overnight package delivery during the 1970s.
City streets that function as transit hubs, also known as transit malls, feature public transport, bike and walking lanes, taxi and ride-hailing services; regular car traffic is reduced or banned entirely.s
hub and spoke transport is cheaper than through services
Last mile also describes the difficulty in getting people from railway stations, bus depots, and ferry slips to their final-destination. Conversely, difficulty in getting from the starting location to a transport network is referred to as the first mile problem. Land-use patterns have moved more jobs and people to lower-density suburbs not within walking distance to public transit, hence promoting reliance on the private automobile.
Solutions to first and last mile problems have included feeder buses and, more recently car-sharing, ride-hailing and bicycle sharing systems as well as micro-mobility services such as dockless electric scooters and electric-assist bike sharing.
Mobility Networks are community based informal entities designed to deliver services across the spectrum of transit modes and providers, including public transit, private operators, planners and stakeholders to benefit local and regional customers.
A Mobility Management Network is comprised of members tasked with the integration of available and planned mobility options to increase the capacity of transport systems.
Coordinated Transportation services for commuters, older adults, people with disabilities and lower incomes individuals. Changes in demographics, shifts in land use patterns, and the creation of new and different job markets require new approaches for providing transportation services, particularly for customers with special needs.
Mobility Management Specializes in Individual Customers
Projects that focus on short-range planning, training, and managing activities that improve coordination among public transportation and other service providers as well as increase service options that would not otherwise be available for seniors and individuals with disabilities.
Affiliated Networks are representative of the primary interests of the participants which include public and private transit providers and human service transportation providers that focus on rural transit, seniors and persons with disabilities.
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