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Chicago Illinois and the Maritime Museum

Chicago Illinois is on the southwestern shores of Lake Michigan. The Chicago Portage connects the Mississippi River and Great Lakes Watersheds. The city’s history and economy are closely tied to its proximity to Lake Michigan. While the Chicago River historically handled much of the region’s waterborne cargo, today’s lake carriers use Lake Calumet Harbor on the South Side. When founded in 1837, most of the early buildings were around the mouth of the Chicago River and the original 58 blocks.

The Loop is the City’s Central Business District but Chicago is also a City of Neighborhoods

Chicago River ferryThe Chicago waterfront comprises twenty-four public beaches across 26 miles (42 km); most of the city’s high-rise commercial and residential buildings are close to the waterfront.

The Great Chicago Fire led to the largest building boom in American history. In 1885, the first steel framed high-rise building signaled the start of the skyscraper era. The city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States; the Illinois and Michigan Canal allowed Great Lakes sailing ships and steamboats to reach the Mississippi River.

chicago maritime museumThe Story of Mobility in America

Maritime Museums in Historic Towns

Chicago’s history and development stem from its axis at the foot of the Great Lakes. This strategic location gave the city access to the St Lawrence Seaway and the Atlantic Ocean as well as the rivers that lead to the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico. Chicago is one of the busiest ports in the world.

chicago riverThe Story of Chicago’s Waterways and their Impact on America’s Economy

The Chicago Maritime Museum collects items that commemorate Chicago’s maritime history.  More than 6,000 items have accumulated, including watercraft, models, articles, books, displays, art, images and artifacts.  The collection makes historic materials accessible to scholars or anyone seeking to understand Chicago’s unique historical connections.

Native American Watercraft Lifesaving Rescue Craft and Schooners

Connect for Travel to Chicago

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Business · Conservation · destination management · Efficiency · Historic Towns

Water Resources Best Management Practices

Water and Energy Projects are catalysts in generating new employment opportunities and entrepreneurial efforts in communities that are in the forefront of managing watershed and water resources issues in urban and rural settings.

Communities are confronting new and complex challenges to achieve safe and affordable water supplies, collect and treat waste water and storm water, flood protection, rivers and streams for fishing and swimming. There are also challenges with aging infrastructure and the impact of climate change on human health and ecosystems.

Storm Water if rain is not properly managed and flows over impervious surfaces into the nearest storm drain, it can have a detrimental effect on rivers and streams. In an urban environment, storm water is also closely related to safety, flooding, waterway health and drinking water.

bend-old-mill-districtChallenges that Require New Infrastructure Investments and Approaches to Urban Water Resources

Waterways urbanization is responsible for many of the sources that contribute to waterway degradation. Increases in impervious surface area and runoff have negative effects on stream flow. Once the natural physical condition of a waterway is compromised by pollution or excessive runoff, it sets off a chain of degradation: erosion, water temperature changes and habitat loss.

Watershed groups, municipalities, agencies, and conservation groups working together to develop watershed and restoration plans, implement projects and return streams to healthy thriving systems by implementing watershed assessments and planning programs, quality control plans, floodplain protection, land use management and storm water best management practices and more.

autumn featival in south dakotaInfrastructure Requires Continuous Inspection and Maintenance

Conservation the true cost of water in a property should be measured as the water rate + the sewer rate multiplied by the water consumption volume + plus fees and other associated costs. In addition, while the water usage profile varies by building type and use, mechanical systems account for 30 percent of water use in a typical building, with cooling towers nearly 50 percent and outdoor usage another 20-30 percent.

Water Heating Accounts for Eight Percent of Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings

Sub-meters help identify inefficiencies and malfunctions as leaks account for six percent of water usage and older fixtures consume up to five times more water prompting installation of leak detection systems.

Main Street Historic DistrictsBilling Meters Sub Meters Metrics Outdoors Landscaping O&M Irrigation

The Cost of Water is deceptively low as building owners and tenants pay for water twice – water supplied + water discharged to the sewer. Additional considerations include the cost of energy required to pump and heat water and rate increases over time from energy and water utilities. Cost control solutions and incentives range from fulfilling water requirements for building certifications, conducting water audits, inclusive of leak detection, to incorporating water efficiency into standard operating procedures and procurement policies.

Billing Issues verify your property’s rate class and meter size, read water meters regularly to verify usage – units and scale of readings should match bills and internal log books.

Water Meters Require Limited Maintenance and Annual Calibration

Bills can cover multiple meters with specific water usage for each; match all meters listed with their location and equipment covered. Record usage individually and ask utilities for credit on sewer charges for water lost to evaporation instead of being discharged to sewer, irrigation and cooling towers.

Meter and Sub-meter all sources of water to help identify areas for targeted reductions: city potable, reclaimed water and well water. Most facilities have one or two master meters supplying the whole building; others have one meter for an entire campus with multiple buildings. Sub-meters:

do not have to be on separate utility accounts;

can help identify leaks and equipment inefficiencies or malfunctions.

self reliant communities 3 images by EffektWater Metrics the sum of all sources: Potable Water from public water systems and classified for human consumption. Reclaimed Water wastewater treatment plant effluent purchased from a public water system. Well Water obtained from wells, bore wells, and other groundwater sources. Natural Freshwater sources that are not municipally supplied, including surface water sources such as lakes or streams. Other Sources rainwater or storm water harvested onsite, sump pump water harvesting, gray water, air-cooling condensate, reject water from water purification systems, water reclaimed onsite, or water from other reuse strategies.

Outdoor Water Usage the amount of water used outdoors is dictated by landscape size and design, the need for supplemental irrigation, management of pools and other facilities. Outdoor water use is a primary driver of peak use.

Landscaping a well-designed, healthy, water-efficient landscape includes healthy soils to promote water infiltration and root growth, appropriate grading with gentle slopes, mulching of landscaped beds to keep soils cool and moist, drought-tolerant, native, or climate/regionally appropriate plant species, minimal turf area.

O&M maintain existing plantings and protect your investment in plants, remove weeds so water is available for desired plants, allow turf grass to grow longer to achieve deeper root growth, make shade and apply less water to shaded areas, minimize water used for other purposes, shut off water features whenever possible, recirculate in water features, sweep, don’t water hard surfaces.

Irrigation install rain shutoff devices or sensors, soil moisture-based control technologies and sprinklers. Maintenance check the system for broken or clogged sprinkler heads, move or adjust sprinkler components to avoid watering pavement, install and monitor water sub-meters for irrigation systems, monitor monthly use trends, audit irrigation system every three years.

Water ResourcesInnovative Water Solutions for Your Home Neighborhood and Business

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America · Business · Conservation · destination management · Efficiency · Logistics · Travel

Knowledge Tourism in the Potomac River Valley

Travel and Education Experiences

Discover the rich historic heritage and the sustainability of the Potomac River Valley, Montgomery and Prince George’s Counties, Maryland, Northern Virginia and the District of Columbia.
Chesapeake & Delaware Canal from Chesapeake CityProfessional Enrichment Itineraries the Potomac Region is home to great local, state and national institutions and a highly trained workforce in government, the private and nonprofit sectors of the economy that ensure a rewarding experience for your professional development, including In collaboration with local partners, we provide training, work study and other professional enrichment programs:

Fort Washington MapNew Town Centers and Old Established Ones

Community Solar Projects

Neighborhood Farms and Gardens

Eco-friendly and LEED Certified Properties

Watershed Management Projects

Managing nonprofits and public-private partnerships

River Trails A watershed is an area of land where water collects to flow into a river, a lake, or another large body of water; we all live inside a watershed.

River Trails   Geography Community & Climate Change

Coastal & River Waterfronts Resources

Group and Family Travel If you are planning a vacation to the Potomac Region, our team manages a series of eco friendly activities and sustainable travel services for groups and families:

anacostia river watershedWalking, biking, canoeing, horseback riding and more

Annapolis and Chesapeake Bay Boat Tours

Museums, Cultural Attractions & Nightlife

A Day on a Working Farm

Farmers and Arts & Crafts Markets

Unique Culinary Experiences – wineries, breweries and local foods

Our knowledge of this region and our expertise in putting together personalized travel programs for individuals, families and small groups ensure a rewarding experience covering the history, traditions and culture, technological innovations and sustainable development in the Middle Atlantic States.

Chestertown MD River viewExperiential Tourism in the Potomac River Valley

Reduce Travel Times and Costs on Your Vacation or Business Trip

Know More About It     Arezza    Knowledge Tourism   travel@arezza.net

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Cultural Heritage · cultural itineraries · destination management · Friends and Family Travel · Geography · Historic Towns · hub and spoke transport · intercity transit · Maritime Heritage · Mobility · museums · Rivers · Travel · travel plan · waterways

Missouri River Trails

Navigation Tributaries Watershed and People

The Missouri is the longest river in North America, rising in the Rocky Mountains and flowing east and south for 2,341 miles – 3,767 km – before connecting with the Mississippi north of St. Louis.

Holter LakeHistory for over 12 thousand years, people have depended on the Missouri River as a source of food and transportation; ten Native American groups have led a nomadic lifestyle along with the buffalo herds. In the late 17th century, Spanish and French explorers reached the river which became part of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase of the early 1800s. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark followed the Missouri on their 1803-06 journey to the Pacific Ocean.

Missouri river tug and bargesNavigation boat travel on the Missouri started with wood-framed canoes and Native American bull boats. The first steamboat was the Independence, in 1819. By the 1830s, large mail and freight-carrying vessels were running regularly between Kansas City and St. Louis. Water transport increased through the 1850s with craft ferrying pioneers, emigrants and miners. Steamboat navigation peaked in 1858 with over 130 boats operating full-time on the Missouri.

Tributaries nearly 100 significant tributaries and hundreds of smaller ones feed the Missouri River. Most rivers and streams in the Missouri River basin flow from west to east, following the incline of the Great Plains; however, some eastern tributaries, such as the James River, flow from north to south. The largest by runoff are the Yellowstone in Montana and Wyoming, and the Platte in Wyoming, Colorado and Nebraska.

Upper and Lower the Upper River is north of Gavin Point Dam, the last of 15 hydroelectric dams upstream of Sioux City. The lower Missouri runs 840 miles meeting the Mississippi just above St. Louis.

Gavins Point Dam Yankton South DakotaThe Watershed encompasses most of the central Great Plains, stretching from the Rocky Mountains in the west to the Mississippi River Valley in the east and from the southern extreme of western Canada to the border of the Arkansas River. This watershed is home to 12 million people in Nebraska, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North and South Dakota, and Wyoming. The watershed’s largest city is Denver; many northwestern cities, like Billings Montana, are among the fastest growing in the Missouri basin.

The Missouri Watershed includes 25 percent of Agricultural Land in America

The People archaeological evidence suggests that the first arrivals in the watershed of the Missouri River were between 10 and 12 thousand years ago, making the Missouri River one of the main migration paths that settled in the Ohio and the lower Mississippi River Valley.

Jefferson City Missouri

Hub and Spoke Transport

Your travel anchor locations are in South Dakota and Minnesota where you can follow the route of the Empire Builder and explore the Northern Plains, the US Northwest and the Rocky Mountains.

Pioneers the river defined the American frontier in the 19th century as the major trails that opened the American West started on the Missouri River.

The First Westward leg of the Pony Express was a Ferry across the Missouri River

Missouri River Map

Most emigrants arrived at the eastern terminus of the First Transcontinental Railroad via a ferry ride across the Missouri between Council Bluffs and Omaha. In 1869, the Hannibal was the first bridge to cross the Missouri River near Kansas City, the largest city upstream from St. Louis.

Yellowstone steamboat agroundManifest Destiny over one half million people set out from the river town of Independence, Missouri to their various destinations in the American West from the 1830s to the 1860s. Covered wagons, known as prairie schooners, provided the primary means of transport until the beginning of regular boat service in side wheelers and stern wheelers in the 1850s. Over 80 percent of upstream passengers and freight hauled from the Midwest to Montana was transported by boat, a journey that took 150 days. Conflicts between natives and settlers over the opening of the Bozeman Trail in the Dakotas, Wyoming and Montana resulted in Native American victory. However, the Great Sioux War of 1876-77, sparked when American miners discovered gold in the Black Hills, ended in relocation to reservations.

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